VietNam History !!!!!!!!!!!

  • YGN

    khoảng 2 10 năm trước
  • Nguyễn Huệ ( Quang Trung )

    Nguyen Hue was born in 1752 in Tay Son village, Nghia Binh province. He was the second eldest of three brothers Nguyen Nhac, Nguyen Hue, and Nguyen Lu. In 1770s, the brothers, led by the eldest Nguyen Nhac, revolted against the rule of the Nguyen Lords, who controlled the southern provinces of Vietnam in the name of the Later Le Dynasty. In 1785, the Tay Son brothers seized the Nguyen capital of Saigon and began to move against the Trinh Lords, who controlled the North.

    Nguyen Hue was endowed with both political wisdom and military genius. At first, Nguyen Hue kept his campaign slogan "Restore the Le, destroy the Trinh" (Pho Le, diet Trinh) and recognized the legitimacy of King Le Hien Tong, who had resigned since 1740. In return, the King let Nguyen Hue married his daughter Le Ngoc Han. When Le Hien Tong died in 1786, the throne passed to his grandson Le Chien Tong, who called on Chinese assistance to restore the power of the Le Dynasty and remove the influence of the Tay Son.

    When Chinese troops entered Vietnam in late 1788 and occupied the capital of Thang Long, Nguyen Hue declared himself emperor Quang Trung and launched an attack to the North. Nguyen Hue seized the imperial capital of Thang Long in July 1786. In only seven days, he defeated a force of 200,000 Chinese, twice the size of his own army. The invasion succeeded and the Chinese forces retreated across the border.

    After the victory, King Quang Trung set his capital at Phu Xuan (modern-day Hue) and offered tribute to China. He also moved vigorously to strengthen the state, reorganizing the military, promoting land reform, and stimulating trade relations with the West. To promote a sense of national independence, King Quang Trung significantly replaced the Chinese Han with Nôm declared it is the official language at court.

    But he died suddenly in 1792 at age 39, and was succeeded by his ten-year old son, Canh Thinh. The young emperor was unable to prevent the outbreak of internal dissention within the regime, and was overthrown in 1802.

  • YGN

    khoảng 2 10 năm trước
  • Bảo Đại

    Bao Dai was the 13th, and coincidentally, the last emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty. Bao Dai was born was in Hue on October 22, 1913 under the name Nguyen Phuoc Vinh Thuy. He was educated in France and lived there until his father, King Khai Dinh, died. Upon his return in 1925, he succeeded to the throne. On January 8, 1926 he was crowned emperor and took the imperial name Bao Dai before heading back to France. But the French government did not permit him to return to Vietnam until September 10, 1932.

    During his rule, Bao Dai hoped to erect a modern imperial government and to convince France to allow limited independence for Vietnam. He established a Commission of Reform, abolished the requirement that people prostrate themselves in his presence, and dissolved his official harem. In 1933 he promulgated his Labor Charter, prohibiting requisitioned labor except in time of public emergency. But the French stymied his zeal at every turn. Bao Dai married a Catholic Vietnamese girl named Jeanette Nguyen (daughter of Nguyen Huu Hao) on March 24, 1934. She was later named Hoang Hau Nam-Phuong, or Queen of the South, as she was from South Vietnam.

    Bao Dai cooperated with the Japanese during their World War II occupation and in March 1945, declared independence from France. In the few months following, Bao Dai tried to deal with northern famine while nurturing press freedoms. When the Viet Minh defeated the Japanese in August of that year, Bao Dai was forced to abdicate. The abdication in favor of the Viet Minh helped establish legitimacy of their leader, Ho Chi Minh, to the Vietnamese. When Bao Dai later went to Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh declared him "supreme advisor" to the government. He was elected to a seat in the new Viet Minh legislature, located in the Nguyen Dynasty's ancestral home in Thanh Hoa Province. However, dissatisfied, Bao Dai left his country as part of an official diplomatic delegation to China. He remained in Chungking until September 1946 and then moved to Hong Kong. He lived there in exile through late 1947, before returning to Europe.

    With the support of the French, Bao Dai returned to Vienam as Chief of State in 1949. He took up residence in Saigon and remained head of its government through the division of Vietnam by the Geneva Conference in 1954. Bao Dai then named Ngo Dinh Diem as his premier. Later regretting this move, he tried to regain control by authorizing one of his generals to lead a coup against Diem. This failed and Diem called for an election to determine the country's governing system--monarchy or republic. The election was October 23, 1955 and supervised by Diem's henchmen. Consequently, Ngo Dinh Diem won, and became the first President of Vietnam. October 26, 1955, Ngo Dinh Diem declared South Vietnam a Republic.

    Bao Dai spent much of the remainder of his life at his chateau near Cannes. He died in a military hospital in Paris on July 30, 1997.

  • muctim_aodai7

    khoảng 2 10 năm trước
  • YGN - hehe thanks for posting it in english .. I will read it when I got the change..heheh it is took you a lot of time to compose this POST ??? heheheh ... live it as you witness it, and be proud of who you are, and what we becomes ... Right ? VIETPRIDE ?? hehhee :) Laugh Laugh Laugh :D Grin

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