Vietnamese History in General

  • redtgn

    khoảng 1 10 năm trước
  • Myths about the origin of mankind and the formation of Viet nation began to propagate in 2000 B.C. and have since became a part of Vietnamese traditions.





    Vietnam has been known as the land of wars, but also paradoxically, as the land of victories for its people's courage and indomitable spirit. Strategically located along the East Coast of Indochina (Southeast Asia), bordering China, Laos, and Cambodia and with full command of the South China Sea, Vietnam has been the target of foreign occupation and intervention.



    In the first century B.C., Vietnam, then a small country occupying only the northern part of the Vietnam today, sought to expel the Han Chinese. After a thousand years of Chinese domination, a provincial officer named Ngo Quyen heroically led the Vietnamese to freedom. But the 800 years of independence following Ngo Quyen's victory were highlighted by more battles against the Chinese, Mongols, and Chams and civil war between the North and South.



    After several decades of tentative control, the French finally subdued Vietnam in 1884 and began to model it after their provinces. French colonial exploitation and harsh repression nurtured rebellions among the Vietnamese. During World War II, the French entered into an agreement with the Japanese, allowing the Japanese to continue their administration. In March 1945, the Japanese ousted the French and seized control. Under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh and assistance from the United States, Japanese occupation quickly ended four months later.



    Peace was barely achieved when another series of war exploded. The first of the Indochina War resulted from further conflicts between the French and Vietnamese. It concluded with the 1954 Geneva Accords which temporarily divided Vietnam at the 17th parallel (into North and South) as a mean to separate French and Viet Minh forces, but also set the stage for the next real war. The second Indochina War, better known as the Vietnam War, tested Ho Chi Minh's determination to unite Vietnam, and the Americans to halt the spread of Communism in Asia by preventing the unification. After ten years of fighting, over $150 billion dollars poured in from the U.S. alone, nearly 2 million Vietnamese, North and South, and 58,000 U.S. forces dead and incalculable sorrow and suffering, Ho's crusade was posthumously succeeded. Although reunited, the country was in complete shambles.

    Myths about the origin of mankind and the formation of Viet nation began to propagate in 2000 B.C. and have since became a part of Vietnamese traditions. Vietnam has been known as the land of wars, but also paradoxically, as the land of victories for its people's courage and indomitable spirit. Strategically located along the East Coast of Indochina (Southeast Asia), bordering China, Laos, and Cambodia and with full command of the South China Sea, Vietnam has been the target of foreign occupation and intervention. In the first century B.C., Vietnam, then a small country occupying only the northern part of the Vietnam today, sought to expel the Han Chinese. After a thousand years of Chinese domination, a provincial officer named Ngo Quyen heroically led the Vietnamese to freedom. But the 800 years of independence following Ngo Quyen's victory were highlighted by more battles against the Chinese, Mongols, and Chams and civil war between the North and South. After several decades of tentative control, the French finally subdued Vietnam in 1884 and began to model it after their provinces. French colonial exploitation and harsh repression nurtured rebellions among the Vietnamese. During World War II, the French entered into an agreement with the Japanese, allowing the Japanese to continue their administration. In March 1945, the Japanese ousted the French and seized control. Under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh and assistance from the United States, Japanese occupation quickly ended four months later. Peace was barely achieved when another series of war exploded. The first of the Indochina War resulted from further conflicts between the French and Vietnamese. It concluded with the 1954 Geneva Accords which temporarily divided Vietnam at the 17th parallel (into North and South) as a mean to separate French and Viet Minh forces, but also set the stage for the next real war. The second Indochina War, better known as the Vietnam War, tested Ho Chi Minh's determination to unite Vietnam, and the Americans to halt the spread of Communism in Asia by preventing the unification. After ten years of fighting, over $150 billion dollars poured in from the U.S. alone, nearly 2 million Vietnamese, North and South, and 58,000 U.S. forces dead and incalculable sorrow and suffering, Ho's crusade was posthumously succeeded. Although reunited, the country was in complete shambles.



    Legends and pre-history (3000 - 111 B.C.E.)

    3000 Lac Long Quan
    2879 - 258 Hung Vuong
    258-207 An Duong Vuong
    207-111 Trieu Dynasty

    The Chinese Millennium (111 B.C.E. - 939 C.E.) 111 B.C.E. - 39 C.E. 1st part of Chinese Millenium
    39 C.E Trung Nu Vuong (40 - 43)
    43 - 544 2nd part of Chinese Millennium Trieu Thi Trinh (248)
    1st Ly Dynasty: Ly Bon (541 - 544)
    603 - 939 3rd part of Chinese Millennium
    Mai Thuc Loan (722)
    Phung Hung (767 - 791)
    Ngo Quyen (939 - 964)
    Dinh Bo Linh (968 - 980)

    Nine Centuries of Independence (939 - 1858)

    981 - 1009 Le Hoang
    1009 - 1225 Ly Cong Uan and the Ly Dynasty
    1225 - 1440 The Tran Dynasty; Tran Hung Dao
    1400 - 1407 The Ho Dynasty
    1407 - 1427 Under Minh Rules; Nguyen Trai
    1428 - 1788 The Le Dynasty;
    Le Loi (1428 - 1443)
    The Le - Mac fighting (1527 - 1592)
    1788 - 1802 The Tay-Son Dynasty Quang Trung (1752-1792)
    1802 - 1858 The Nguyen Dynasty (continued through French and Japanese occupation to 1945) Bao Dai

    French and Japanese Occupation (1858 - 1945)

    1858-1940 French colonization
    1940-1945 Japanese occupation

    First Indochina War (1945 - 1956)
    Vietnamese against the return of French rule.

    Second Indochina War (1956 - 1975)
    Ho Chi Minh determined to unite Vietnam; Americans determined to halt the spread of Communism in Asia by preventing the unification.

    Third Indochina War (1978-1989)
    In response to the Khmer Rouge's raids across the border, Vietnamese troops invaded Cambodia.

    1989 to the present
    Vietnam, still recovering from the decades of wars and reconciling deep historical and cultural divisions, is slowly embracing Western values and systems.

  • lemlinh

    khoảng 1 10 năm trước
  • very well written and throughly explained


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