Tiểu Sử Của Đức Giêsu Kitô theo Judas qua HR: Tiếp Theo Bài 51 (Not Just Believing but Experiencing)

  • HoaiNiem

    khoảng 2 10 năm trước
  • Gởi đến anh chi em trên mạng.

    Khi chúng ta nói về con người có thể cảm nhận hoạc nói chuyện cùng các hồn của thế giới vô hình thì ít có người tin. Nhưng nếu chúng ta tìm hiểu sâu xa vào vấn đề này thì sự cảm nhận hoạc nhận lãnh được cảm nghĩ của các linh hồn là chuyện tự nhiên và rất hợp trong luật thiên nhiên. Hiện nay trên thế giới có rất nhiều người có khả năng này và không lệ thuộc tôn giáo hay dân tộc. Tây phương, họ gọi những người có năng khiếu này là Medium và sự giao tiếp này được gọi là mediumship. Thực tế mà nói, mỗi chúng ta đều có năng khiếu này. Khổ nỗi, phần đông chúng ta không tin đây là sự thật nên không tự tìm hiểu để nuôi dưỡng cho năng khiếu một ngày một nhậy bén, và thêm rất nhiều năng khiếu khác.

    Sau đâu là những bài được ghi chép do anh H. R. qua sự chỉ dẫn của Judas là spirit guide của anh. Anh HR thuộc gốc người Đức. Anh làm software engineer và lớn lên trong một gia đình Công Giáo. (Nhưng nay sự tìn ngưỡng của anh đã thay đổi rất nhiều và "tự do" hơn nhiều.) Vào năm 2001 tôi có nói chuyện cùng anh về những bài sẽ được ghi chép dưới đây và năng khiếu mediumship của anh. Anh là người rất khiêm tốn và nhiều tài năng. Anh viết và nói được nhiều thứ tiếng và cũng là một họa sĩ. Anh là một con người luôn muốn tìm hiểu sự thật chứ không là một giáo đạo viên chỉ biết theo và tin theo lý trí mù quáng và luôn thử thách mọI tín lý.

    Những bài dưới đây anh HR đã tiếp nhận từ Judas cũng là "spirit guide" của anh vào năm 2001 để nói lên hoạc sửa lại những điều không mấy đúng tiểu sử của Đức Giêsu Kitô. Tôi cũng hiểu khi đăng lên đây cũng sẽ có nhiều người mang nhiều nghi ngờ mà sẽ không đọc tiếp. Nhưng cũng sẽ có những người cởi mở hơn và có đầu óc tìm hiểu thì họ sẽ thích thú để đọc và sẽ học hỏi được thật nhiều.

    Xin mời các bạn đón đọc tiểu sử của Đức Giêsu Kitô theo Judas qua anh HR.

    Bài 1: "Joseph Married Mary and Returns to Bethlehem" received October 3, 2001.

    My dear H___, I feel happy being able to deliver another message through you. As I have indicated you in my last message, I want to start a new series on Jesus’ life and teachings. We could do this in any order, but I think that it will be better to follow the events in a more or less chronological order. This will allow us to discuss the development of Jesus himself, and of his teachings. I also intend to communicate some information on the historical background, since this is very important in order to understand many things which would otherwise seem incomprehensible.

    As you already know, Jesus had earthly parents, his true parents, of whose union he was born. Joseph, Jesus' father, was not a Galilean, but was born in Judea, in Bethlehem, where his first son would also be born. Joseph was born at a very violent time in Palestine, full of fights between different forces, between the Romans and Parthians, between Jews and Jews, between Jews and Arabs, etc. In this tumultuous time, one personality, Herod the Great, stands forth as the one who was able to take possession of all Palestine with the help of Rome, and who was confirmed king by the Romans. Herod's Kingdom was large; it had an expansion very similar to the mythical Kingdom of David and Solomon.

    Herod turned out to be a very capable strategist. When he was still very young, his father sent him to Galilee as the general of the northern army, in order to pacify this region. Galilee had always been a very restless area, a den of revolutionaries, thieves, assailants, murderers, etc. And Herod, applying subtle tactics and brute force, was finally able to clear the area of bandits and to guarantee relative peace for its residents. Yes, young Herod was quite popular, it was astute and daring, he reigned later with iron fist, but he managed to achieve decades of peace after decades of slaughter and cruelty.

    That was the situation when young Joseph grew up very near Jerusalem, and when he became a man.

    As it happens so often, the young ones leave their nest, and they go out to seek their good fortune in the distant or not so distant world. And the same thing happened with Joseph. The times were no longer those of his childhood. The once popular Herod had become over the years a man-devouring beast, plagued by physical and mental disease, suspicious of anyone and murdering unscrupulously. Thick and black clouds of danger and fear overshadowed Jerusalem and its surroundings.

    Joseph decided to head for the north. He had two reasons for this. First, the area of Galilee was a very fertile region, with much more abundant rainfalls than in the half-deserted Judea, and second, he imagined that the more distant from the center of power he lived, the calmer and safer his life would be. The Romans held control over the whole region, and border wars were not to be expected. And so, Joseph arrived at Galilee and decided to settle down at the small village of Nazareth. I say village, but in fact it was an insignificant hamlet. But it lay near Sepphoris, where Herod had established an important military barracks, and not very far from the lake of Genesaret, also called the "Sea of Galilee", a large and deep fresh water lake, with diverse industries and a fishery.

    Joseph was a "tekton." The Bible translations call him a carpenter, but that it is not a correct translation. A tekton was a builder, fabricator, or constructor, that means he worked with everything, with wood, metals, stones, he built houses, doors, plows, yokes for the oxen, he was the universal artisan. And there was plenty of work in Galilee. Agriculture flourished, there was building activity in the near-by Sepphoris, etc., and Joseph’s small business prospered.

    He met a girl and madly fell in love. And the girl, whose name was Mary, also fell in love with him. And as in all good romantic stories, they married. But shortly after that, the romanticism vanished. Very soon problems, serious problems appeared.

    Young Herod had pacified Galilee. The older Herod no longer worried about that. He spent his time murdering his family which we will discuss in the context of the slaughter of the babies at Bethlehem. And as is logical, when certain conditions cause insurrection to occur, and when only those symptoms are oppressed, that is by killing the rebels without changing the causal conditions, the situation will repeat.

    Disorder returned to Galilee, insecurity and fear began to reign. Joseph was about to sell all his belongings and to leave the place with his young wife and his savings, heading for any other place, but far away from this terror. Mary refused. The poor girl felt so bound to her small homeland that she flatly refused.

    But things grew worse. Mary, already some months pregnant, finally gave in, when bandits plundered a neighboring village, slaughtering some of the people who lived there. You know this already, because Alfredo informed you of this. Yes, they even burned some people alive. Attacks on whole villages by numerous groups of bandits, well, that is certainly not what happened every day, but people were kept in uncertainty. That was too much. Joseph sold his belongings and left with Mary, who had little time left to give birth to her baby.

    The story of the census is not correct. Certainly, there were censuses in order to register people at the place where those people lived. But it is also true that there were other property censuses, and so one could explain Joseph's journey to Bethlehem in order to register any property he held there. But why should he have taken his wife with him on a dangerous and weary voyage? What really happened was the family's flight from danger. And Joseph headed to the place that he knew, where his relatives lived, to Bethlehem.

    We will come back to the subject of the census, because this census mentioned by Luke in his gospel really occurred many years later, and it led to other important events in Jesus' life.

    It was winter, cold months, and Joseph could choose between three possible routes: The road along the coast, another one crossing Samaria, or the road through the Jordan valley. He chose that last one.
    The date? According to your calendar, this happened in the month of December of the year 8 BC.

    Well, H___, this is a good place to interrupt our story. I projected young Joseph's image into your mind. Of course, I had never known him so, only when he was already older, but this is what he looked like at that time. Perhaps you can draw him. It would be another piece for Geoff's gallery of "the not only 12 apostles." As you already know, Joseph became a true follower of his son after Jesus' death. He worked as a missionary, and he died on the British islands.

    My dear H___, maybe we can meet again today. I hope we can. Until then, I say good-bye, and I leave you with my love.

    Your brother in Christ,



    Bài 2: "The Birth of Jesus in Bethlehem" Oct. 4, 2001

    Very well, my dear brother! I see you have already drawn a portrait of Joseph. And this is how he looked like when he arrived at Bethlehem with his young pregnant wife. He was a handsome lad, intelligent and vigorous. He had also some defects, a too rigid character that would take him into conflict with Jesus, but thereof we will speak later.

    When Jesus died crucified in Golgotha, many wrinkles furrowed Joseph's face, wrinkles formed by his worries over his son, and his hair was gray, showing a marked baldness in the forehead.

    So they arrived at Bethlehem, Joseph and Mary, after a wearisome trip through the Jordan valley, where all the year an almost tropical climate reigns, and after ascending the mountains of Judea, where the winter chill cut their skin.

    When they arrived at Bethlehem, night had already fallen. They went to the small house of one of Joseph's relatives, because as I have told you, Joseph was born in Bethlehem, and asked for shelter. In that time, as is the case today, hospitality was considered paramount in the east, and the two travelers, or rather fugitives, were welcomed with open arms.
    Bethlehem was a pitiable village then, and people had neither luxuries nor big houses, they lived poorly as peasants, farmers and mainly as shepherds. Joseph's relatives immediately were willing to make available to them a room, but Joseph declined this. Yes, hospitality was paramount, but people also knew that they should not abuse this right. Joseph explained to his relatives that he would be happy to spend the night in a stable, in some shelter against the cold, with four walls, a roof and some straw which could provide this, and that the following day they would gladly accept the room, but that they didn't want to cause problems at this late hour in the night. And so it happened.

    The wearisome trip left its mark, and the labor pains began prematurely, not very prematurely, it is true, but there were some days left until the expected date of childbirth. But the stress, as you would say today, of the journey, the fear and the nervousness, accelerated events. And Mary gave birth in that stable, and they placed the boy in a manger, precisely so, as people reproduce the scene at Christmas.

    You already know much of this story. Jesus already told Mr. Padgett and Dr. Samuels quite a detailed story of those events. Joseph felt happy. He arranged a small feast the following day, and the Bethlehem residents participated, the famous "Christmas shepherds." And then the young family moved into the house.

    When many days later the “wise men” came, the wise astrologers from Babylonia, they did not pay homage to Jesus in that stable, but in the house. Just read what Matthew says:

    When they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceeding great joy. And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped him: and when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts; gold, and frankincense, and myrrh.”

    Yes, when they came into the house, into this room, there it was where they presented their offerings, and where they alerted Joseph and Mary to the great danger.

    With that we come to a question, which has always caused great dispute amongst the scholars of the Bible: The slaughter of the innocent in Bethlehem.

    Many say that this never happened. Others say that it did indeed happen. As a matter of fact, this misdeed is not mentioned in any story of the historians, it is not mentioned anywhere, apart from the writings of the ecclesiastical authors, of course. This is why there is the suspicion that it never occurred.

    But it did happen. First, the argument of the historians that the Romans would have never tolerated such cruelty is not true. Herod was a formally independent king, and he could always do what he wanted, provided the interests of Rome were not in danger.

    Second, the argument that the silence of the historians means that the slaughter never happened, is not valid either. Bethlehem was a small village. The slaughter didn't affect hundreds of babies, just a few. It sounds cruel, because the slaughter of a single baby is already an incredible cruelty, but in fact, less than twenty children were involved. And Herod, certainly, didn't do this openly. He sent his elite soldiers, his personal guard, disguised as bandits, and they plundered the hamlet, killing "incidentally" the babies. Assaults like this simply happened, and nobody thought that it would be worthwhile reporting these numerous incidents. You already suspected that, and you are right. That is how it happened.

    I promised you that I would tell you of Herod's actions against his family. You already know this story. So, write down here what you know.

    [H.R.: Aristobulus, his brother-in-law and high priest, had the honor of being the first in the list.

    Joseph: While answering the charge of this murder in Egypt, Herod gave the order to his uncle Joseph that if he should die, then his wife, Mariamne, and her mother were to be executed. Herod managed to talk his way out of the murder charge, but on his return to Jerusalem found that his wife had learned of his arrangement with Joseph. Herod began to wonder why Joseph had told Mariamne, and came to the wrong conclusion that they were having an affair. In fact Joseph had told her of the plan in order to demonstrate Herod's love for her. However, despite the total lack of evidence Joseph was executed.

    Mariamne: Herod was very much in love with her, but with jealous accusations from other wives and Mariamne's increasing coldness towards him, he eventually persuaded himself to have her executed too. He regretted it straight away and became filled with guilt, making himself mentally and physically ill.

    Alexandra: Thinking that Herod was about to die, Alexandra, Mariamne's mother made arrangements to put Herod's children by Mariamne, Alexander and Aristobulus, on the throne. She too was then executed for her presumption!

    Mariamne's two sons: Herod had 10 wives altogether and towards the end of Herod's life, Antipater, the eldest son by his first wife began to realize that he was not favored to take over from his father. He was deeply jealous of the sons of Mariamne, and in order to discredit them he accused his two stepbrothers of treachery and, believing him, Herod had them both executed too.

    Antipater: He must have thought he had got away with it, but just before Herod died, Antipater was executed as well, accused of trying to accelerate his death. Signing Antipater's death warrant, Augustus Caesar remarked that he would rather be Herod's pig than Herod's son!
    The intended mass-execution: Just before his death, Herod, realizing that when he died there would be no great mourning, sent letters to the heads of every family in Judaism demanding their presence on pain of death. Having got them to Jerusalem, Herod ordered them to be locked up in the horseracing ground. He then gave the orders to his sister that upon his death they were all to be executed. Thus making sure that the whole nation would mourn when he died, albeit not for him. Fortunately, when Herod died, his sister released the imprisoned Jews and allowed them to return home. Herod died 37 years after being declared 'King of the Jews'.

    You see, old Herod was suspicious of everything and everybody. Killing a few babies, to him, was insignificant.

    But "luckily" Joseph, Mary and Jesus survived, thanks to the warning of the wise men, and so they escaped. They were already far away from the place, when the massacre began. But of that we will speak next time.
    I am glad that I have been able to clarify some of your questions as to Jesus' birth, especially the question why Jesus was born in a stable. Nothing special, as you see, a simple event of life.

    Well, my brother, I will say goodbye now. Have a nice and blessed day. God bless you always.

    Your brother in the spirit,


    Được sửa lần cuối bởi HoaiNiem vào ngày khoảng 2 10 năm trước với 13 lần trong tổng số.
  • HoaiNiem

    khoảng 2 10 năm trước
  • Bài 3: "The Three Wise Men and the Star of Bethlehem" Nov. 20, 2001

    Hello, my dear brother. A few days ago I answered some questions about Jesus, leaving some more questions for their future answer, questions about Paul’s mission and the early church. I think that this is a good procedure. Each time when there are questions about chapters we have already dealt with, we will answer them immediately, and we will keep the rest for its treatment in due course of time.

    There is a dispute, lasting already a long time, about the reliability of the messages received by Dr. Samuels. But as you already know, there are no 100% reliable messages. As a matter of fact, all so-called channelings bear the medium's stamp, who receives them. And so it happened with Dr. Samuels.

    You became aware of those doubts for the first time, when D___ told you of the problem of the “Star of Bethlehem.” The text in discussion is the following:

    Now, the first thing I wish to tell you about is the Star of Bethlehem, which in reality was not a star at all but an exploding nova, or supernova, which caused considerable light in the eastern skies over Tyre and Babylonia but not in Judea or Israel; and the three Wise Men who saw this exploding supernova in the heavens, being astrologers with a knowledge of an ancient Chaldean astrological lore, determined that a great event was to take place as a result of the appearance of the great light in the heavens. And in their readings of the Hebrew writings with which they were familiar, and also with Hebrew circles in Assyria, they determined upon a visit to Judea where it was predicted that a Messiah of the Hebrews and for all mankind was to be born.”

    An astronomer, reading this message, indicated that this could not be true, because a supernova is visible from anywhere on earth. Also the expression “in the eastern skies over Tyre and Babylonia” is false, since Tyre, as seen from Jerusalem, lies to the north and not to the east.

    Very well, we don't need to discuss that; it is obvious that Tyre is in the north of Jerusalem or Bethlehem. It is also correct that a supernova is visible from all points on earth, and in spectacular cases, such as have been described in history, even in bright daylight.

    The question is then, what did really happen and what about Dr. Samuels’ message reception?

    I’ll be straightforward and say that the phenomenon was in fact a nova, but not a supernova. More specifically, it was a variable star. There are stars that all at once increase their brightness, under considerable loss of matter. This increased brightness may last several hours or even several months. It is not such a spectacular phenomenon as a supernova, but enough to attract the attention of the Chaldean astrologers.

    A variable star is also visible from all over the earth, in theory, but meteorological reasons may impede this. In those ancient days men didn't have telescopes, of course, and astrologers could only use their eyes to detect these phenomena. There were no instruments for observation. The best astrological schools were in arid zones, where clouds rarely covered the skies, for example in Mesopotamia and in Egypt. Clouds, of course, impeded a continuous observation of events in the firmament at night or at dawn.

    And it happened in one of those early mornings that the wise men observed the phenomenon. In many Bible translations you can read: “Where is he that is born King of the Jews? For we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him.”

    But this is simply a bad translation. Actually, the Greek text does not state “in the east”; “en th anatolh” (en te anatole) simply means “as it rose” or “at its rising.” This, of course, happens always in the eastern sky, since the stars, as the sun, start their journey through the firmament in the east. In other words, the star didn't indicate the way to the wise men, because otherwise, they would have headed toward Persia, in opposite direction, since Palestine is located to the west of Mesopotamia.

    The phenomenon of novas or the observation of variable stars is nothing unusual; on the contrary, it is frequent. What took the sages to suspect a context with the Jewish people was the star’s location in the zodiac.

    Judaism in that time was already in full messianic phase, that is to say, people anxiously awaited God’s Messiah, so that he would establish the old glory of the Hebrews, and even more, to transform them into the rulers of the whole world. And the Jewish population in Babylon was very numerous. Babylon was a center of science, and therefore, the pagan sages learnt about these hopes of the Jews and knew their writings. This is why they undertook the wearisome journey to Palestine.

    The text received by Dr. Samuels contains another error: He speaks of those “Hebrew circles in Assyria.” Assyria in that time was nothing more than a vague memory. The Assyrian empire had already been destroyed centuries ago, and its successors, the Babylonians, had already lost their power in front of the Median and Persian troops, but Babylon still was a metropolis, while only ruins remained of the Assyrian cities, especially Nineveh. The Assyrian society had already disappeared.

    Yes, the wise men were Chaldeans, doctors from the observatory of Sippar in Babylonia.

    So for the story of the “Star of Bethlehem.”

    Then, what had happened in the transmission of this message? How were those errors introduced? Well, they are due to simple human interpretations, changing “nova” into “supernova,” which is a totally different thing, transforming “Mesopotamia” into “Assyria”, and due to negligence, saying “the eastern skies over Tyre and Babylonia” instead of “the sky over Tyre and further east, over Babylon.” He also used the word Israel, an anachronism, since there was no country with this name in that time. Here you have the proof of a message, which was not received through automatic writing but through impressions, which later were written on paper. And your messages, my dear brother, of course, run the same risk. This is why I repeat over and over, read the messages with your heart. The errors contained in the message under discussion are not important, but messages may also contain errors in fundamental points. It is you who decide about the truthfulness of the messages. Messages are never the Truth, but the medium's perspective, his or her truth.

    In concluding, I desire to add one more sentence: Jesus really died in the week of Passover, in the month of Nissan. I state this without further comments, because I want to correct the idea that Jesus died at the date of the Purim feast. This is not true, and we will explain this more thoroughly when talking about this sad episode.

    God bless you,

    Your brother in the spirit,

    Bài 4: "The flight to Egypt" Oct. 5, 2001

    Hello, my dear H___.

    When you read the gospels you realize that some parts appear only in one of them. Such is the case of the flight to Egypt of Jesus’ family. Only Matthew reports this. Mark and John don’t deal with Jesus’ childhood, and Luke mentions that after the census and once the period of purification of Mary was completed, as the Mosaic Law demands, the family returned to Galilee.

    This is the reason why many Bible scholars think that events, such as the murder of the children in Bethlehem and the flight to Egypt, are inventions, to strengthen or to give a certain mystic flavor to Jesus' history. It is true, the later gospel revisers used to do this, inserting parts into the text that they took from their fantasy or from their religious fervor. And the scholars typically explain this as follows:

    Jesus was born somewhere in Galilee, where he passed almost all his life preaching. Only when he left his native region did he run into big problems, and finally they killed him. They say that the place of his birth was not necessarily Nazareth, but rather Jesus, at least during part of his life, lived according to the rules of the "nazirim," like Samson and John the Baptist, and later also Paul of Tarsus, without cutting his hair, abstaining from alcoholic drinks, etc. But the gentile editors, with little knowledge of Jewish customs, have applied the word "nazir” to the village of Nazareth.

    So the view goes, when they realized that the Messiah, according to the Scriptures, should be born in Bethlehem, they invented the story of the census, to find a pretext for Joseph and Mary's journey to Bethlehem. And they pushed things even further. In the Old Testament, in Hosea, we find the sentence: "And from Egypt I called my son." Therefore, the editors invented the story of the massacre in Bethlehem, in order to find another pretext to send Jesus' family to Egypt, and so, God could call His son from Egypt, fulfilling a prophecy.

    But I have told you that the murder of the children and the family's flight to Egypt really happened. It is true that Matthew didn't write this in his gospel, it was added much later, but it has its foundation in fact. There were many traditions about Jesus which decades after his death were integrated into the gospel story, with embellishment, distortions, etc. But many of these stories have some true basis.

    When Joseph, Mary and the baby Jesus went to Egypt, there were in theory several possible destinations. The city with the biggest Jewish population outside Palestine was Alexandria, where science and arts flourished. But besides this imposing city, capital of the Roman province of Egypt, there were many other Jewish centers in that country, like on the Elephantine island and near Heliopolis. And it is exactly to that city Joseph headed, because in its outskirts lived some of his relatives, and there he hoped to find help and a new start for him and his family.

    You have already investigated the background to this not very well known story, and I propose that you write down here what you have discovered.

    [H.R.: When Onias IV was to succeed his father Onias III in the office of the High Priest in Jerusalem, Jason and Menelaus, and later Alcimus, took possession of that position through trickery and deceit. Onias fled to Egypt, where king Ptolemy Philometor granted him a parcel of land near Heliopolis. Onias put hands to the work and built a temple around the year 160 B.C. A cult was really inaugurated in this temple, challenging the Law, but this innovation undoubtedly was fully justified, considering the vast number of Jews who lived in Egypt, and because of the scandalous conditions in the sanctuary at Jerusalem. The Jerusalem authorities, of course, censored the project immediately, but in Egypt it enjoyed great reputation and fame. The cult in the temple at Heliopolis continued for a long time, until the year 72 A.D., when it was abolished and prohibited by the Alexandrian prefect Lupus. That, of course, was a reprisal against Jewish institutions, in consequence of the Jewish revolt against Rome.

    In total, more than a million Jews lived in Egypt at that time. It was the strongest expatriate community, and exercised considerable influence even in Jerusalem, due to their financial contributions. There was a very good and very well developed educational network all though the country, and based on those facilities, the Jewish community achieved prosperity and scientific and philosophical advances. Alexandria became the cultural center for all of the eastern half of the empire, and great part of this position was owed to Jewish scholars. It was in Alexandria where the Hebrew Bible was translated into Greek, the intention being of guaranteeing access to the word of God for the many Jews who little by little had lost their roots and could no longer read Hebrew. Their home language now was Greek.

    The place in Egypt where the family settled was a city of considerable proportions, called Heliopolis. It was situated not far from what is modern Cairo. The Jews congregated together for safety as well as for community life.

    There is a very interesting history to this community. The Romans had named Herod King of Judea. He had actively supported Octavian, with goods and soldiers, in his fight against Caesar's murderers, Brutus and Cassius.

    Cleopatra, on the other hand, dreamt of reestablishing the ancient glory of Egypt, and incorporating Palestine.

    The decline of the power of the Ptolemies coincided with the rise of the Roman Empire. They didn't have many options, and seeing how country after country and city after city fell under the Roman aggression, the Ptolemies decided to ally with the Romans, in a pact which lasted two centuries. During the reign of the later Ptolemies, Rome won ever more power over Egypt, and was declared protector of the Ptolemaic Dynasty. Cleopatra's father, Ptolemy XII had to pay tribute to the Romans, in order to keep them off his Kingdom.

    Now, Cleopatra didn't feel happy with this situation, especially when she remembered the vanished power which once the ancient Pharaohs, and her own ancestors as well had exercised in the world. It was a question of her ambition.

    First, seeing Caesar's victory over Pompey, she allied with him, and Caesar helped her to defeat her brother, Ptolemy XIII, who also aspired to the throne of Egypt. But Caesar was murdered, and the Romans in general showed little sympathy for Cleopatra. Then, when a civil war exploded between Marc Antony and Octavian, and seeing that Marc Antony seemingly had better probabilities of winning, she forged the plan of allying with him. But it did not turn out well for her, as we know.

    She even went so far as, apart from visiting Jerusalem many times, trying to entangle Herod in her "net of love." The old fox Herod, who did not easily overlook a beautiful woman, knew of course, how dangerous this engagement could be. So he refused to ally with Cleopatra, gaining her hatred, which she never forgave him.

    When finally Marc Antony arrived at Alexandria, the old friend and now rival of Octavian, the later emperor Augustus, Cleopatra became his ally and lover. And she did everything she could in order to punish Herod for his rejection of her.

    She lied against Herod, and also against the king of the Nabathean Arabs, Malichus. But as you know, Rome was indebted to Herod, or let us rather say, they were grateful to him. And so Marc Antony could not issue an order to execute him, he simply could not, and he would not simply to satisfy his lover's whim. But he took away large parts of Herod's kingdom, and gave them to Cleopatra, as a personal present. Obviously he did not want to lose her affection either. In the long run this was one of the reasons he would later be killed, because Rome never forgave him that he gifted conquered territories, which Rome considered as its possession, to a foreign sovereign.

    Herod had saved his head. But he lost great part of his kingdom, and he lost Solomon's famous perfumed gardens.

    The legendary Queen of Sabah had brought them to Solomon, a story contained in the Old Testament. Then the proud king had them planted near Jericho, along with other seeds and plants, forming the famous perfumed gardens, where the most precious specimen of all Solomon's realm prospered and flourished.

    Later Antony gave those gardens to Cleopatra, and she ordered young plants to be brought to Egypt, more precisely to Heliopolis, where she planted them in a new garden, near the ancient Temple of On, in the village of Matariyah. She also had expert Jewish gardeners come from Jericho to make the shrubs prosper and thrive. So, a Jewish settlement established itself in the outskirts of Heliopolis.

    At the time of the geographer Strabo, about sixteen years before our arrival at On or Heliopolis, the city was practically deserted, not having recovered from the destruction which it incurred at the time of the Persian invasion (525 BC). However various temples and buildings of historical interest were still standing and were pointed out to Strabo by the dragoman of that time. Later on, Heliopolis prospered again, but Jesus’ parents would have naturally avoided lodging right in this pagan city, and in consequence they sought a dwelling place nearby in which there have been Jewish families living on account of its proximity to the Jewish center at Leontopolis.]

    Very well, and all this is correct. Sure, I know that you know all this, but my messages are not only for you but also for a wider public, and I find it convenient for you to provide this information which certainly is interesting.

    It has been a short message, and more from your pen than from mine. But it has been important too. Because the stay in Egypt constituted a decisive phase in Jesus' development, it provided him an extraordinarily fertile environment for his spiritual growth. Yes, once again, the Heavenly Father had transformed a calamity into a blessing.

    Well, my brother, that is all for now. I just want to tell you that I love your portrait of Matthew. He looks sad, this poor boy, and certainly he felt so before he met Jesus. He lives now in the Celestial Heavens, as all the apostles do, and he no longer has those sad eyes (Judas laughs). He was a corrupt and totally materialistic person. Money was all that counted for him, until he met Jesus. And Jesus only saw a soul, God's thought, as M___ would say, yes, a defiled and perverted soul, however a soul with all this marvelous potential of development, a soul screaming in despair, without even realizing this.

    Yes, you are right. It is a quite modern personality; you can see his equals on TV. Do what Jesus did. See souls in despair, and help them, don’t despise them. They are marvelous thoughts of God, only covered with mud, but that can be removed.

    Well, I will leave you now. No, I have not forgotten the Christian symbols. Tomorrow we will talk about them.

    God bless you,

  • allbeyondintell

    khoảng 2 10 năm trước
  • huyền thoại rất huyền bí có điều gì đó ngoài tầm tưởng tượng

  • HoaiNiem

    khoảng 2 10 năm trước
  • Trong những bài đăng gởi đến các bạn đôi lúc có nhắc đến "Mr. Padgett". Full name của Mr. Padgett là James E. Padgett. Ông là một luật sư khi còn sống ở DC, USA cho tới 1923, nhưng những năm cuối trong cuộc đời và sau khi vợ chết đi và vì ông muốn tìm cách để liên lạc với vợ của mình, ông đã tìm gặp những psychics và trong thời gian đó ông mới phát giác ông có khiếu về automatic writing. Trong 10 năm cuối của cuộc đời ông đã cống hiến nhiều thời gian cho automatic writing và đã viết cả hàng ngàn bài do Đức Giêsu cũng như rất nhiều những linh hồn khác. Các bạn có thể đọc thêm trong trang dưới đây.



    Bài 5: "The Education of Jesus in Egypt" Oct. 8, 2001 by HR

    My dear brother H___, I would like to take this opportunity to clarify come questions, which have come up because of messages I have delivered previously.

    When I talked soulmate love, I mentioned the fact that Mr. Padgett started a new relationship with a woman some years after the death of his wife Helen. I want to stress that I have not mentioned this amorous relationship of Mr. Padgett in order to express my disagreement, because it is very natural that a person might seek a new relationship when he feels alone and when he realizes, that in spite of a loved one's death, life goes on. No, this reaction is very natural and it doesn't deserve any reproach. I only presented that as an example of demonstrating that Mr. Padgett, despite his theoretical knowledge of soulmate love, didn't understand it, and that he was unable to feel and to live this love, as nobody is able to do this, while they live in the flesh.

    Second, I am aware that the Book of Urantia relates that Joseph escaped with his family to Egypt, and he headed for the great cultural center of this country, Alexandria. I, on the other hand, have indicated that the family went to the region of Heliopolis, and I want to make it clear that this statement is correct. I may even deepen a little more on the topic: Joseph didn't settle exactly in Heliopolis, but in its outskirts. We have already dealt with the interesting story of the perfumed gardens of Matariyah, and practically adjacent to these gardens was a settlement of Jews, which the Roman administration called "vicus Iudaeorum", or village of the Jews. It was exactly that place, where originally those expert gardeners from Jericho settled, who had been called by queen Cleopatra from their country, in order to take care of the balsam shrubs.

    Later on, as it is natural, other Jews of other professions joined this village, and at the time, when Jesus' family arrived, they found a prosperous place, full of trade and culture. The location was very favorable, because it lay very near Onias' temple, which we have already spoken of previously, and also very near the Jewish educational and scientific center in Leontopolis.

    As you know, Joseph was a fabricator, and very skilful, diligent and meticulous. And within short time he managed to establish his own workshop. He had savings, and his investment paid off soon.

    But something perhaps much more important happened to Joseph. The events which had led to the flight to Egypt caused him to meditate a lot. Was it true that Jesus could be the Messiah of the Jews? If not, why Herod's strange reaction? Because very soon they got notice of the misfortune which had befallen Bethlehem. The only conclusion that Joseph could arrive at was that Jesus really was God's chosen one. And he felt a great obligation to provide an appropriate education for his son, that is to say, to support him in the study of the Scriptures.

    And in fact the possibilities so near the center of Leontopolis were excellent. But Joseph also dedicated much of his free time to the study of the Scriptures, and the more he studied, the greater was his conviction that his son would be the Messiah. Everything coincided. Yes, he was of David's lineage, Jesus had been born in Bethlehem, yes, his doubts vanished one by one. Joseph not only decided to facilitate all opportunity for study to his son, but also to put himself in charge of giving him instructions and guidance, a normally very praiseworthy approach; but eventually it would lead, however, to great conflicts between father and son, caused by Joseph's lack of comprehension.

    Joseph also understood that the Messiah of the Jews, of course, had to live in Judea, and when some years later Herod died, he thought that the moment had come for returning. But Herod's successor, his son Archelaus, was even worse than his father, and so, Joseph, with a sad heart, stayed with his family in this involuntary exile.

    Jesus has already communicated through Mr. Padgett and Dr. Samuels that he had brothers and sisters. All were born in Egypt, except him.

    H.R.: could you give us a complete list of the names of Jesus' brothers and sisters?

    Of course, I will do this with great pleasure. Jesus had five brothers, namely, James (Ya’qov), Simon (Shim’on), Judah (Yehudah), Joses (Yosef) and Thomas (Toma’). And he also had two sisters, Rachel (Rakhel) and Lea (Le’ah).

    His brothers, all of them, would play a very important role in early Christianity. All this we will deal with when we will speak of the first years after Jesus' death. By the way, Jesus, of course, is the Greek form of his true name, Yeshua, because the Greeks had the custom of masculine names finished in "s," and they invented the form "IesouV", and in Latin it assumed the form of "Iesus." In both languages the sound "sh" didn't exist, and for this reason also the name Shim'ón or Shime'ón became Simon, etc. Jesus' friends and relatives called him Yeshu.

    Jesus' stay in Egypt lasted 10 years, and in those years he had the opportunity to study the Scriptures, to know a very liberal Judaism, as it didn't exist in Judea at that time. He realized the merely symbolic role of the Temple in Jerusalem, and he learned the Greek "Koiné", the most important language in the empire, especially in its eastern half. In short, at so young an age, he already possessed a firm base of knowledge. It would have been very difficult to attain to this kind of education in Galilee. In those times, Galilee was the backyard of Judaism, without major opportunities for education, without important centers. Later this would change, and Galilee would become an extremely important center of rabbinical Judaism, but this happened many decades later, after the destruction of Jerusalem.

    In the following message of this series I will deal with the political development in Palestine and the situation which caused Joseph and his family's return to Galilee.

    I am sorry that yesterday I did not find the opportunity to deliver a message, but I understand that you had to attend two funerals, and that you really were not in an appropriate condition for receiving a message. But we have been very diligent already, and we have communicated a lot of material up to now unknown. Also, in the following messages, we will deal with new revelations, because even though the information about Jesus' life in the gospels is not very historical, at least there are some stories of the few years of his public ministry contained in them. But his childhood and youth hide under a cover of silence.

    God bless you always, my brother, and continue praying and cooperating. I leave all my love to you, and I extend it to the whole world, especially to those, who engage in the spreading of the truth.

    Your brother in Christ,
    Judas Iscariot

    Bài 6: "Joseph and Mary Return to Nazareth" Oct. 9, 2001

    Hello, my dear H___. As I said yesterday, we will continue with the account of Joseph and his family in Egypt.

    I have told you that Joseph was aware that Jesus, as the Messiah for the Hebrews, had to live in Judea, because this was the country of the Jews, but the political situation prevented him returning.

    The first opportunity occurred in the year 4 B.C. with Herod's death, but it vanished quickly when it turned out that Herod's successor was even worse.

    You know that Herod the Great had been instituted as king in Palestine practically by the Romans, but as a king without a Kingdom, and Herod had to fight to re-conquer the country, thus proving his political and military abilities.

    When he died, he left a testament whereby he distributed all his country between three of his sons, and an insignificant part he gave to one of his daughters, but we will ignore this, because it doesn't have any historical influence.

    His son Archelaus received half of his Kingdom, Judea, Samaria, his mother's country, and Idumea, the country where Herod's family came from. To make this very clear, Herod was not Jewish but an Idumean or Edomite, and as such he was recognized by the Jews as their equal provided he kept the Mosaic Laws. But in fact he didn't belong to the people chosen by God, as the Jews considered themselves. Archelaus requested the Romans to recognize him as king, but they refused to do this. They only granted him the title of ethnarch, which means "ruler of the (Jewish) people." They would certainly have granted him later on the royal title, if Archelaus had proven worthy of such honor. But just the opposite was the case.

    The oldest of Herod's surviving sons was scarcely prepared to succeed his father in a period of political restlessness. Although he imitated Herod's cruel brutality, he didn't possess any of his diplomatic abilities. Archelaus had been raised and educated in Rome, in a private house, by a Jew, in contrast to his Hasmonean stepbrothers, who also received a Roman education in Rome, but in the imperial palace.

    Initially Herod preferred his younger son, Antipas, to his older son, Archelaus, naming him as his successor as king. But then he changed his testament, just before he died, appointing Archelaus as the heir to the title and to half of his vast domain.

    Even before the testament was ratified by the emperor, Archelaus proved incapable of governing the Jews, sending troops to the Temple during the Passover festivities in 4 B.C. to kill those who had urged him to correct his father's unjust actions.

    Archelaus had just left for Rome, in order to receive the confirmation of his domain over the territories which his father had assigned him, when the Jews rebelled against him, with several auto-proclaimed "kings" who gathered followers amongst the Jews. Augustus confirmed Archelaus as the ruler, or ethnarch, of Judea, Idumea and Samaria, but he withheld the title of "king", or basileus, until Archelaus would prove worthy of the same by quelling the rebellion, as his father Herod had conquered his own Kingdom. But Archelaus failed, and the Roman legate in Syria, Quinctilius Varus, had to send troops, wiping out the rebellion, and crucifying 2000 people. After ten years of social chaos in Judea, Augustus dismissed him in 6 A.D., confiscated his properties in Roman Palestine, and transformed Judea, Idumea and Samaria into an imperial province under the command of the Roman governor in Syria. As you know, later on, Pontius Pilate was one of its administrators. Archelaus was granted permission to retire to his father's estates in what is today's Cote Azure of France, where he died as he had started, a private citizen of Rome.

    And so it came about that it would be a Roman administrator who would sign Jesus’ death sentence.

    Yes, I know, you know this story. The important thing is that Joseph didn't see any possibility of returning. He had to stay in Egypt. And the years passed, and his wife grew impatient. You also know, from what Jesus had communicated to Dr. Samuels, that Mary insisted on returning, and she finally achieved her objective. Day after day she raised the topic, indicating that if it was true that Judea was a dangerous country, nevertheless in Galilee things were better. And she was right. Finally, Joseph gave in. He sold all their belongings and prepared for the return trip to Galilee. That was Mary's true goal, she wanted to be once again with her relatives in her homeland. Because, as a matter of fact, living in Judea or in Egypt didn't make much difference to her, both countries were not her native land.

    In order to avoid the dangerous journey crossing through Judea, Joseph decided to buy a passage on a ship sailing down the river Nile to Alexandria, and from there they sailed on another vessel heading for Sidon in Phoenicia, very near Galilee. The choice of a marine voyage was also motivated by the tender age of his children for whom a terrestrial voyage would have been very risky and tiresome. All this happened in the year 4 A.D.

    It is enough for today, and you are about to fall asleep. Tomorrow we will talk about the situation in Galilee, when the family returned to Nazareth.

    God bless you, my brother.

  • HoaiNiem

    khoảng 2 10 năm trước
  • Bài 7: "The political situation in Galilee" October 11, 2001

    My dear brother, are you not content with our messages? I've got this impression. You burn with the desire for knowing more about Jesus' life. I do understand that what I have transmitted so far hasn't provided you much new information, but a lot of people don't know these facts. In my opinion, it is necessary to offer some historical background, because without this background knowledge, it is very difficult to understand the world in which Jesus moved. Besides, it is not true that there has been new information for you? You ignored the situation in Bethlehem, you ignored the story of the return to Galilee, you received impressions on some of Jesus' followers, which you could transform into drawings, almost as the police do for wanted people. And you can do this even better than the police, because you don't depend on the descriptions of other people, you can draw first hand visions. You see, we really have been very productive.

    I have also noticed, of course, that you have expressed your concern that you could not maintain this fast pace of message reception, because it is very time consuming. But this is not exactly true. Thinking of how much time you waste daily, we could even duplicate our deliveries [Judas laughs]. The transmission is very quick, to write the text later on the computer takes more time, this is true, and also translating it. But this is not so bad. I personally would like to maintain this pace, but everything depends on you.

    By the way, I see that you are not happy with your portrait of James, Jesus' brother, either. Well, perhaps he looks a little bit somber, but it is a good portrait - well done. I like it. You have to be aware that any portrait that you produce will not be a hundred percent accurate, these are not photographs, they are reproductions of mental images. And you are doing them very well. Many more drawings are going to follow, you'll see.

    I guess today is one of those days when you are not happy with anything, not even with yourself. You are a perfectionist without being perfect, and you won't resolve that tension in the short term.

    But let us continue now with our account.

    In my last message I described the political situation in Judea. Now we will analyze the situation in Galilee. By the way, don't you think it would be a good idea to insert here a map of Palestine? It would help the readers to see things clearer.

    OK. In the year 4 B.C. Herod died, Herod the Great, of course. And in his testament he distributed his kingdom among his children, and the Romans ratified this. Very well, Archelaus received Idumea, Judea and Samaria.

    Another son of the "old fox", Herod Antipas, received Galilee and Perea. Perea was a strip of land east of the river Jordan. As I have told you, his father had considered him superior to Archelaus, and he had even designated him as his principal heir, but at the last moment, he changed his mind.

    This Herod Antipas is that same Herod to whom Pilate sent Jesus, in his so-called trial, and who in turn sent him back to Pilate. This is a truthful story in the New Testament, and we will later talk about the event in more detail. And it was he who issued the order to execute Jesus' cousin, John the Baptist. Later, I will also explain to you what really happened.

    Antipas, the youngest surviving son of Herod, was educated like his brother Archelaus as a private citizen in Rome. The dying king's decision to change his testament, nominating Archelaus as king, precipitated an exhibition of rivalry amongst the brothers in front of the emperor in Rome. Augustus confirmed Herod's last will, granting Antipas government only over Galilee and the trans-Jordan region, that is to say, Perea. The territory controlled by Herod Antipas encompassed approximately a fourth part of Herod the Great's kingdom. Therefore, his title tetrarch.

    I will explain the titles one more time. They always lead to confusion.

    Herod the Great was a king, an independent sovereign, at least formally recognized by Rome. But Rome denied that title to his immediate successors. Archelaus, inheriting half of the territory, received the title ethnarch, ruler of the people, and Philip and Antipas received the title tetrarch, meaning ruler of a fourth part (of the Kingdom), and in fact, both received a fourth part of the territory.

    Although he was only the governor of two small counties, Antipas locally named himself "king", and used the name "Herod," to sustain his demand, that he was the true heir to his father's legacy.

    There are some Bible scholars who like to quote some passages in the New Testament where Herod Antipas is called "king." They take this as an indication that the actual author of those passages was not a Jew from Palestine, because he ignored the correct title of tetrarch. But this is not true. Antipas enjoyed using this title, and practically demanded that his subjects called him " king." And that is all there is to it, and that is why there is such apparent confusion. You have to be very careful when reading these learned people's comments, who in fact don't know much. So watch out!

    With the help of the Roman legions, he smashed the Galilean rebels, of whom we will speak tomorrow, and then he spent his efforts on urbanizing the southern part of Galilee. He reconstructed the regional capital, Sepphora, which the Romans had destroyed in the civil war, and dedicated it to the emperor Augustus, calling it "Autocratoris", city of the Emperor. After his Roman overlord, Tiberius, assumed the throne, in the year 14 A.D., Antipas decided to build a new and even more splendid capital, in the Roman style, for Galilee at the western bank of the Lake Genesaret, naming it Tiberias. In order to protect his southern flank, he formed an alliance with the Arab kingdom of Nabatea, marrying the daughter of the king of Petra, Aretas IV, but he divorced her later on, and married Herodias, his stepbrother's wife, thus challenging the Jewish Torah.

    Like his father, he was very sensitive when conservative Jews criticized him or his régime, and he quickly squashed popular agitators - just think how he acted in the case of John the Baptist. His Jewish citizens never forgave the fact that he had executed a person who they considered sent by God. When Aretas took revenge for his daughter's misfortune, inflicting a decisive defeat on Herod in 36 A.D., many Jews took this to be a divine retribution for John’s execution. The real ambitions of Antipas were dented even more, when the new emperor Gaius, better known as Caligula, named his brother-in-law, Agrippa I, king of the neighboring countries in 37 A.D., and you did hear right, he named him king, not tetrarch. Antipas' protest against the young emperor's decision and his demand for an equal rank, however, led Caligula to dismiss him and to send him into exile. He died soon afterwards in what is today's Lyons in France, in the year 39 A.D., ten years after the Master’s crucifixion.

    Another son, Philip, was named tetrarch over Gaulanitis, Batanea or Bashan, the southern part of modern Syria, Auranitis or Hauran and Trachonitis, regions in the southwestern part of Syria and the mountains of Lebanon, which Augustus had subjected under Herod the Great's jurisdiction between 23 and 20 B.C.

    Philip had passed his childhood in Rome, being educated there, like his stepbrothers favored in the "old fox's" testament. The education of Herod's children was not due to preference or the better opportunities for their education, but it constituted a kind of insurance for the Romans. Herod's children were in fact hostages, logically, with all services and honors, nevertheless they were hostages. Augustus secured in this way Herod's loyalty. Officially he treated him as a friend and partner but he didn't trust him. No, Herod was too cunning and could not be trusted. And Augustus was right.

    Philip's domain encompassed the less judaized and most hellenized part of Herod's earlier kingdom. Among his subjects, in fact, there were very few Jews, most of them were Syrians or Arabs, and these last ones, at that time still used to roam the area living in tents, and were dedicated to a nomadic life style. Herod the Great had built some cities, or villages, such as Adraa, the modern Dar'a, but he was unable to change their ways.

    Like Antipas, Philip honored his Roman patrons, founding cities dedicated to the imperial family. Paneas, an ancient mineral water spring and pagan altar at the source of the river Jordan, became Philip's imperial capital, which he named Caesarea Philippi, which you should not confuse with Caesarea Maritima, at the Mediterranean Sea, the administrative capital of the Roman authority in Judea.

    Philip also set to work on the fishing port of Bethsaida, at the northwestern shore of the Lake of Genesaret, enlarging the place and renaming it Julias, in honor of Augustus' wife, Livia, who nicknamed herself Julia Augusta. He married Salome II, who was his stepbrother's daughter, Herod II, by his niece, Herodias. But he died in 34 A.D. without leaving heirs, and his domain was conferred on Herodias' brother, Agrippa I.

    To his nomadic subjects, Philip appeared like an Arab sheik. He travelled constantly throughout his country, escorted by only a small retinue. When somebody asked for his help, he immediately ordered his guards to set up his throne on the ground, because he always traveled with his throne in his baggage, and he listened to the complaints, and gave his opinion. It was like an improvised court of justice. Philip's urban subjects considered their prince's behavior rather weird, but the Arabs loved him, as Philip was like one of them, and in fact he had more support amongst them, more than in the cities.

    He reigned over war fearing and still purer people, I mean, in the sense that the many corruptions that were present in the cities still had not damaged those people. Philip was a moderate person, and to tell truth, he didn't like what he saw in the cities, and his frequent travels were also his escape valve, his escape from a reality he did not like at all.

    Philip also had Greek and Roman citizens, and they usually lived in the cities. In order to please them, Philip designed his coins totally according to the pagan style, presenting the emperor's image, Tiberius, and on the reverse symbols of paganism, such as a temple for example. In Judea, the fortress of conservative Judaism, such an attitude would have been unthinkable, and considered almost blasphemous by orthodox Jews.

    When Philip finally died in Julias in the year 34, after having reigned over his domains during thirty-seven years, the emperor Tiberius subjected these territories to the jurisdiction and administration of the neighboring province of Syria. But with Tiberius' death, Philip's nephew, Herod Agrippa I, was installed by Caligula as a brand-new king governing over his deceased uncle's feuds. But of that we will speak later. Agrippa doesn't have anything to do with Jesus, but he does form part of early church history.

    Very well, my dear brother. We have also talked a little about Philip, although he didn't have anything to do with Galilee, but Jesus also went frequently to the territory which he governed. Some of his disciples also came from this area, from the eastern shore of the lake.

    This is already quite a long message. Tomorrow we will deal with Jesus' youth, and we will address in this way an area that you have ignored completely. Then your thirst for "news" will be quenched,

    God bless you, H___, and don't forget to pray. The world needs this now more than ever. And your soul always needs it.

    I’ll come again soon,

    Bài 8: "Young Jesus, Mary and Joseph arrive back in Nazareth" October 15, 2001

    Hello, my dear brother.

    Do you believe in coincidence? No? You have already learnt that this does not exist. Everything that happens has causes, and what is more important, it has some purpose.

    So, tell G___ that he should prepare his trip without worrying. It is true, there are dangers everywhere, but even in his own home he may suffer misfortunes. But you must not forget the fact that all people, absolutely all, have a guardian angel, in many cases they have even more than one. Then, what you have to learn is to listen to their voice. You have to learn to pay attention to your "feelings," "impulses," and" premonitions" so as to give us the opportunity to alert you of dangers. Dear G___, enjoy your trip, and keep your "antenna" switched on. Walking through life this way, you need not fear.

    And as we are speaking of coincidence, your exchange of ideas with M___ is not the result of any coincidence either, of having learnt to know each other at random. We have plans, and we see the potentialities. Both of you have a different vision of reality, and both have a correct, but incomplete version. If you are able to combine and to harmonize both your visions, you may achieve quite a global view into the mind in all its forms, and into mediumship in general. I believe that you can achieve this, I believe that you are well on the way, and I believe that in this way you will also bring a lot of benefit to others.

    I am anxious to help you and to guide you in your desires. This is the culmination of all investigation, souls exploring themselves.

    But now, before we lose the thread of our story completely, let us go back about two thousand years, and let us concentrate on Galilee.

    Well, under these conditions, under the government of Antipas, Joseph, Mary and their children finally arrived at Galilee. And they went again to Nazareth, Mary's birthplace. You already know those stories of how Mary was brought up in the Temple of Jerusalem, but those stories are nothing more than pious legends of a much later time, when the believers' interest focused on the "mother of God."

    In the meantime, things had not changed much in Nazareth. It was still an insignificant village, a few miles from the capital Sepphoris, but with good possibilities for growth. There was work, much work. When the old king Herod the Great had died, in the year 4 before Christ, rebellions broke out in all corners, and also in Galilee. Judah ben Hezekiah gathered the populace and took possession of Herod's palace in Sepphoris, and also of the arsenal, arming his men and challenging the new regent, Antipas, and of course, Roman power. And typically as the Romans used to react, they didn't tolerate that rebellion, and the new Syrian governor, Q. Varus invaded Galilee with his army and suppressed the rebellion. He destroyed the town and enslaved all its inhabitants. At that time, as you know, Jesus' family still lived in Egypt.

    And as always, after the war, came a phase of prosperity. The new tetrarch, who loved to call himself "king", reconstructed Sepphoris, and the town rose again from the ashes as a splendid capital in Greek-Roman style.

    When Joseph arrived at Nazareth the reconstruction and amplification works continued. Joseph was able to establish a new workshop soon after, thanks to his savings, and a few weeks later he joined the lines of workers who toiled for the greater glory of Antipas. It was a profitable business, the pay was good, and Joseph had certain work, thus bringing some prosperity to his family. In a short time he had already acquired his own employees, and full of pride, he could look at his company, which he had built through the labor of his own hands out of nothing.

    I will now anticipate a little of Joseph's history, but it fits well into this scenario. You certainly remember that the experience of Bethlehem led Joseph to study the Scriptures. And I must admit, he knew how to study very well. He was an expert after his years of dedication, and he decided to join the ranks of one of the religious groups. He opted for the Pharisees.

    The messages delivered by Jesus may leave the impression that the Pharisees constituted a majority in the Jewish population, but this is not correct. It was a small elite group, which exercised great influence over the people, this is true. There were also other rival groups, such as the Sadducees, who didn't have so much influence with the people, but they enjoyed the backing of the Roman military power and of the domestic aristocracy. They also controlled the Temple, although there were also Pharisees who worked as priests in that place, such as John the Baptist's father.

    Now Joseph belonged to a group of great influence and of great prestige. But that happened years later, of course.

    The Pharisees didn't present as a uniform group, but there were different schools, for example the school of Shammai, a rigid school in the application of the Law, and the school of Hillel, which Joseph joined. If you study the teachings of Hillel you will find many parallels with the teachings of modern Christian churches, in what we call "the way to the perfect natural man." You know the examples of the Hillel's teachings, as the Jewish Talmud tells them:

    Be among the disciples of Aaron:
    Love peace and pursue peace;
    Love your fellow creatures and bring them near to Torah.
    He who seeks his name, loses his name.
    He who does not increase deceases.
    He who does not learn deserves to die
    He who abuses the crown will perish.

    But in those first few years of their stay in Galilee the sky was already covering over with thick black clouds of menace. Events were approaching which would leave deep marks on Jesus. But of that we will speak on another occasion.

    It is enough for now. Have a nice day, and think that I am always here, when you need me.

    Your brother and friend in Christ,

    Bài 9: "The Tax Revolt in 6A.D." October 25, 2001

    Hello, my dear brother.

    I see you have followed my suggestion and read a little about the tax revolt. But before considering this topic, we need to analyze briefly the situation in Galilee in those times.

    As you know, Joseph, Mary, and their children had returned from Egypt. In Galilee, they found guaranteed prosperity, mainly due to the construction activity of the regent, the tetrarch Antipas, who took great pleasure in calling himself King Herod Antipas. It is the same Herod, who is also mentioned in the Bible, because he had John the Baptist killed, and Pilate had sent Jesus to him for his interrogation, when he found out that Jesus was a Galilean.

    Galilee's capital Sepphoris had been destroyed, and the reconstruction gave employment to many people, and among them was Joseph. Joseph had also thoroughly studied the Hebrew Scriptures, because the events in Bethlehem, where Antipas' father, Herod the Great, had murdered the children, had led him to the conviction that his first-born son would be the true Messiah for the Hebrew people.

    Joseph's understanding and his nationalism, which was part of Jewish culture in those days, blinded his eyes to many hints in the Scriptures of the Messiah's true nature. To him, like to the great majority of the people, to almost all of them, the Messiah was to be a political and military leader who would expel those hateful foreigners, who dominated the country, and he would reestablish Israel's ancient glory. Many even thought that the Messiah would make Israel the ruling nation over the whole world.

    That is why Joseph, in a sincere intent and without bad intentions, tried to instruct his son, to guide him in his development and in his vision of the world. But he found some unexpected resistance. Jesus didn't react as meekly as Joseph had anticipated. Jesus was still a boy, but in spite of it, he could already feel, although he could not understand, that his father was mistaken. This led to a serious conflict. He was a very obedient boy, but although he was still of a very young age, something within him prevented him from accepting and sharing his father's opinions.

    Instinctively Jesus withdrew a little from his family. Frequently he retired to the adjacent hills, and in the ancient forests of Galilee he meditated and meditated. His mother called this his "mysticism", but in fact, Jesus was already receiving teachings and instructions.

    Another very important issue is that Herod the Great certainly had depended on Rome, but at least, he had been a king, and nominally independent. He was not a Jew, but an Idumean, but that did not matter so much, since the Idumeans were legally considered the Jews’ equals.

    But with his death the king's title had been lost. Instead of a king, now a tetrarch reigned, Rome' puppet, a vassal who officially was a subject of the Roman Empire, a citizen of a foreign empire. In Judea, the situation was even worse, according to Jewish opinion. There, the ethnarch Archelaus had been exiled by the emperor, because of his obvious inability to govern the country. But the Romans had not replaced him by another member of the Jewish nobility, but instead had subjected the country to direct administration by Rome. Now the foreign sovereignty was openly demonstrated.

    It seems to be part of human nature to prefer a bad government by members of one's own people over a good government by foreign people. But if this foreign government is not better than the domestic one, or even worse in its brutality, if it also expresses their scorn openly against the people, a type of racism, although this word is not exactly correct, because racism is a more modern invention, then the dissatisfaction of the people knows no limits.

    Galilee had always been a hotbed of revolutionaries, and of course, of bandits also. It was sometimes very difficult to distinguish between crime and politics, you can understand this very well, as the same problem persists today. And in the year 6 A.D., an event took place, which exceeded the patience of many.

    The emperor had decreed a tax census to be carried out in Palestine. That region was under the supervision of the Roman legate in Syria, and in the year 6 A.D., Augustus named Publius Sulpicius Quirinius governor of Syria, and he put him in charge of the census. And so, this was the census, which the Gospel of Luke refers to. As you see, it happened many years after Jesus' birth.

    Augustus had chosen Quirinius, because he was a very capable military commander, and also because he knew the area. Many years before - he had already commanded the Roman armies in Syria, when Sentius Saturninus and later Quinctilius Varus were the governors of this important Roman province, the border bastion against those feared Parthians. But at that time, Quirinius carried out military operations in what is today's Anatolia in Turkey, breaking the resistance of the nomads there. But in those days he did not perform any census. There are historians who suppose that the presence of Quirinius in Syria or in that region in the year when Jesus was born, indicates that the New Testament is right, and that Joseph and Mary's journey is fact due to a census, but this is not true. I have already stated this. We will continue now with the revolt.

    A census meant the registration of people and of their estates for imposing taxes upon each and every one, and also for the recruitment of soldiers. Both things were not, and are not, very popular. And a fierce resentment arose against Rome, like a spark in a powder-house, and the people rose in rebellion.

    The leader of this revolution was Judas the Galilean, but this name is not correct. He was not from Galilee, but from Gamala, a Gaulonite from of the Golan Heights, an area that didn't belong to the Antipas' territory, but rather was under Philip's domain. But of course, this town was only seven miles from the Lake of Genesaret.

    He found support in a popular character called Tsaduk or Zadduc, a member of the House of Shammai, a powerful house of the Pharisees. In fact it is a nickname, "Zaddik", meaning "the Righteous One." The historian Josephus explains that then the fourth sect or fourth force of Judaism was born, the zealots, but this is not true. In fact these radical forces already existed, and they were always ready to fight against foreign oppression from a long time before Rome came, as in the case of the resistance against Antiochus Epiphanes. What really was new was that part of the Pharisees joined the extremists and fought shoulder to shoulder against the legions. And they lost. There were mass slaughters, destruction, misery, in short an experience which left deep marks on Jesus. If previously he was perhaps unsure of himself in his appreciation of a peaceful Messiahship, now he had no more doubts.

    This rebellion also caused certain cracks in Joseph's family. Joseph was a peaceful man, but in those days he wondered if he should join the Pharisee movement officially, the House of Hillel. Although he had some sympathy for the terrorists, he didn't support them actively. His children, except Jesus, called out in favor of the zealots, as most of the Galilean Jews did, and Jesus expressed his opposition. His role as the future Messiah became ever more uncertain, and his brothers even made fun of him. They were youths, or rather still children, without developed criterion. They didn't understand him, but they would understand him in the future.

    Both leaders, Judas and Zadduc, died in the confrontation with Rome. The two legions which came from Syria, decimated without mercy the ranks of the rebels. Two thousand zealots were crucified; and six thousand young people from Galilee were sold as slaves in order to serve in the western parts of the empire.

    The Romans had put an end to the rebellion, they had even killed the leaders. But the chapter didn't end there. The sons of Judas would have a decisive impact in future revolts, dying on the cross, and other descendants inscribed their names with blood in the history of Masada.

    The zealots were like today's terrorists, religious fanatics, whose ideology mixed religious fundamentalism with political ambitions. There was the terrible empire, which they saw as the source of all evil, and whose destruction was justified by any means. There was the harsh reaction, and the death of the terrorist leaders.

    In the past, the zealots became "assassins", men hiding daggers in their gear and secretly murdering their enemies. They sowed terror amongst the whole population, they abused their power, even murdering people who had nothing to do with their objectives, simply to benefit themselves. And now, it is not daggers anymore that serve this purpose.

    The severe reaction of Rome didn't solve the situation, it hardly mitigated it. Rebellions broke out repeatedly, because in reality, nothing had changed. Finally it led to the destruction of the Hebrew society in Palestine.
    There is much to learn from history. But it seems that men prefer to learn from their own errors, repeating what their ancestors have already lived through and suffered.

    But we won't turn this message into a sermon on politics. I am glad that you have followed my advice, updating yourself on the historical facts as they are known. It has made it much easier for me to deliver this message.

    With this, I will say good-bye. I pray that God may shed all His blessings over you and over all those, who wish to receive them. And always count on me.

    Your brother in the spirit,

    Bài 10: "After the Tax revolt of 6AD" November 5, 2001

    [Judas laughing] It is marvelous what M___ has written you! It is a well-deserved reprimand. You know, my dear friend, this is called wisdom. It is not only intelligence, no, it goes beyond that. It is understanding, perspicacity, coming to conclusions that are often so simple...

    You wrote her that one of the key moments in your life was when you realized that knowledge was not everything.

    H.R.: I wrote: In Austria, elementary school teachers are graduates of educational academies. They don't have an academic title. But college teachers are university graduates, and they have a master's or doctoral degree.

    Well, we used to call elementary school teachers "Teacher" and college teachers "Professor." But after 4 years of saying "Teacher", it happened that one of my schoolmates, in the first year of school, at the very beginning of this new school cycle, called the professor "Teacher." And with that he [here, in the original, comes a four letter word] exploded like a bomb: "How dare you!" he hollered, "Are you mad? Next time why don't you call me a garbage man or a railroad worker?"

    My father was a railroad worker. And so I was given to "understand" that he was garbage, and therefore that I was also garbage.

    And I understood (instinctively, because at this age [of ten years] reasoning is not so developed, I think) that only through achievements could I make my way. And so it happened.

    For example, when the professor (this same one) took an oral exam of a student, and the student did not know the answer, he usually reprehended him fiercely [I expressed this a little more roughly in my letter], but if the student was another professor's son, or the son of a "distinguished" member of society, he just said: "But my boy, what's the matter with you? I know that you know the answer; I know that you do study; I have spoken with your parents. Are you nervous? Well, calm down, sit down, and tomorrow we will continue."

    I graduated as the best student in my course, I graduated as one of the best at university, I have been a very good chess-player (which was very important for me), in spite of my graphic talent, I rejected arts partly, because arts included very little of the intellectual, so I thought.

    The intellect was everything to me, because I "knew" that only through it could I develop, because I didn't belong to "society."

    Now I scorn nobility, those "rich ones" with their parties and photos in the magazines, because they represent precisely those who forced me to perform better than they had in order to achieve less than they did.

    I understood that I was born with all doors tightly shut against me.

    Now I am experiencing some change, and I finally am aware of my "scorns", of my deficiencies, and I realize that certain doors perhaps have been and are still closed to me, but that for the same reason I have the opportunity to open up other doors, more important ones, which people pass by without paying attention to.

    This is what I am doing now.

    Ultimately, then, there have been radical changes in my life, or rather, in my attitude or appreciation of things. What pity that this has taken me so long.

    And she responded to you with, amongst others, a poem:

    H.R.: M___ answered:

    As the master is the wise one,
    who speaks the truth,
    between the speech and the thinking,
    between courage and weakness,
    the only foundation to choose,
    is truth.

    I speak truth, says the Courage.
    I refuse truth, says the Weakness.
    I follow my persistent way, says the Speech.
    I am still entangled in my refusal, says the Thought.

    The thinkers are mind-bound weaklings.
    The wise one speaks the truth.

    Don’t just read this, think it over. It is wisdom.

    Aren’t you deceiving yourself? You say that you have changed in your attitude. But considering that you continue with the same zeal of accruing knowledge and comprehension of things, it seems to me that this is not true. Speak the truth and don’t deceive yourself.

    One of the purposes of my communications is to convey a description of Jesus' life. A short time ago, you were aflame with the desire to know of this life, now it seems that you are no longer interested as much. I am aware that as a matter of fact, this information is not important for man's spiritual development. But I am also aware that many people will be attracted to this kind of information, and this attraction may lead them to also study the teachings which I will communicate at the same time. This is why I would like to continue with the story.

    We have spoken of the tax revolt, and of the terrible consequences for many, their death in action, their horrible destiny on the cross, or their exile as slaves, which often was worse than death, especially when they were assigned to the sulfur mines of Sicily, where after few months or years under awful conditions they would die, puny shades of what once were human beings.

    But, after the storm, the sun shines again, and frequently life prospers better than before. Joseph's family prospered. He had money and could afford to travel frequently to Jerusalem, attending the celebrations of the feasts in the Holy City. In fact, he had so much money that he even bought a house in Jerusalem, becoming legally a citizen of Jerusalem.

    Joseph also effected his desire to join the ranks of the Pharisees, in the House of Hillel, and through his intense studies of the Scriptures he earned the reputation of being a learned, just and respectable man. And so, little by little, the preconditions for Joseph's later admission to the Sanhedrin formed, to the high counsel of the Jews, a great honor, which few enjoyed.

    I tell you of these particulars so that the impression that Jesus lived in an environment of extreme poverty, as the son of ignorant peasants may disappear once and forever.

    During one of these trips to Jerusalem, which the family also took advantage of in order to visit their relatives, he met his cousin John, who later on would gain fame as the "Baptist." But this is a story which we will deal with in another message.

    In that time, as you can easily imagine, Jesus was fully aware of his destiny as the Messiah of humanity. It was a destiny that awaited him and that he assumed freely. And so it is always in life. The meaning of our life is not created by us, but rather awaits us. We have the option of assuming the responsibility or of avoiding it. And it is not only about one destiny; it is a chain of challenges we have to overcome. Only so that we may be faithful to ourselves.

    Jesus' life is also instructive in the sense that we can see how he handled things. In order to find answers and solutions, Jesus didn't study psychoanalysis, he didn't read voluminous treaties on philosophy, no. He simply entered into communication with his Father, with our Father, and he conversed. Call it meditation, call it prayer, but in fact, they were conversations, where the Father revealed to him what he needed to know and to understand. And the understanding came with the Love that Jesus so much yearned for, and which he received in abundance.

    That doesn't take away importance from each one's work. Jesus worked, he didn't live like a hermit or oriental ascetic in a cave, waiting for the definitive illumination, but he lived a normal life, working in his father's shop, and his hands became rough from touching wood and stone, and his muscles became hard through the weight of the hammer and the axe. But in his free time, he trained those "muscles of his soul." Everybody can do this. Spirituality doesn't mean to escape from the banal reality of life, but rather it facilitates the capacity of living this life which so often you don't like, with dignity and filled with meaning.

    The statement "do not fill life with hours, but hours with life" conveys a great truth. Real life, (I repeat this because it is worth repeating it), it is the life of the soul. And that life doesn't oppose what you call real life, but rather it may pervade it and raise it to heights of dignity.

    If you want information, you usually go to who has that information. And so it should be. If you want spiritual information, go to the Father, who is the Owner of Truth, who is Truth. You need not rely on third-hand models of Truth, what for? The Very Source is accessible for all. Ask and you will receive answers.

    But, as the Bible states, "seek ye first the Kingdom of Heaven and all these things will be added unto you," that is to say, seek the Love of God, because this Love will give you faith, and true faith is knowledge. And so, many questions will find their answers even before they are formulated.

    Well, my brother, I see that M__'s reprimand has been fruitful. She knows how to handle you, better than I do [Judas laughs]. I hope I may also count on her collaboration in the future.

    When you manage to convert to this attitude, the one of going to the Father, into a part of your life, your spirituality will no longer be like a rollercoaster, with ups and downs. Do you remember what you read yesterday in Mary Magdalene’s message through A.R.?

    "It is a fortune that you are possessed of the knowledge that your spiritual nature is your true nature; your physical world, always subject to change, will not affect you as much as the one who places his or her confidence in its so-called realities."

    If you seek stability, lean on things that are stable.

    That is all I wish to say for the moment. In my next message, if God and your condition allow it, I will speak of forgiveness, of forgetfulness, and how God forgives sins. I hope I will be able to deliver it soon.

    Until then, I wish you happy dreams. You know already, if you need anything, count on me. I extend my blessings to all humanity and pray that all men come to the awareness of their definitive desire: to be at-one with God.

    Your brother in the spirit,

  • HoaiNiem

    khoảng 2 10 năm trước
  • Bài 11: "John the Baptist as a Child" November 13, 2001

    Ain Karim was a small village in Judea, near Jerusalem, with people living off their fields, from their flocks of sheep, their orchards of olive trees, and from their crops. It was an accumulation of a few mud houses, a dusty main street, and with a lot of peace. Yes, perhaps peace was this village's greatest treasure.

    The family of perhaps highest prestige was that of Zacharias, because he was a priest working in the splendid Temple of Jerusalem. He was certainly not the High Priest, only an ordinary priest, however this occupation enjoyed high reputation and honor.

    Zacharias and Elisabeth, his wife, only had one son called John. And that was rare in those times, because a numerous offspring was considered a blessing from God.

    All that would not have been of much importance, had it not been for the fact that this little boy, John, one day would be one of the most influent people in Judea. But at that time, while he still played with his friends in the quiet streets, nobody imagined that this would happen some day.

    John was a somewhat strange boy, a dreamer, or people perceived it this way, because he had so many strange dreams or visions. Today we would say that John was a medium, but in those days, people thought that the boy suffered from an exaggerated fantasy. They thought that would cease eventually.

    As all know who have read the Bible, Elisabeth was a relative of Mary, Jesus' mother, and therefore John was also Jesus' relative, his cousin.

    In several messages, Jesus and John the Baptist explained that the history of John's birth is pure fiction. We read in the Bible that the angel of the Lord appeared to Zacharias, the old priest, in the Holiest of the Temple.

    First, Zacharias was not an old man, second, only the High Priest could enter the Holiest of the Temple, and that only once each year. And as I have said, poor Zacharias was not the High Priest.

    What the writers of the gospel texts, as they exist nowadays, tried to do, was to establish some link with the Old Testament. So we understand that the story of the old couple, who could not have children, and who are able to engender a son in some miraculous way, is already told in the Old Testament. It is the story of Abraham and Sara. And they repeated the same story, and everybody (knowing the Old Testament) said: "Yes, of course, this is how God works among people!"

    Modern Bible scholars very soon became aware of that, but they draw other conclusions: Some say that the names of Zacharias and Elisabeth are also pure fiction. They claim that the purpose of the invention of these characters is the following:

    In the Book of Exodus, we can read that Moses' sister, Miriam (meaning Mary) had a kinswoman called Elisheba, meaning Elisabeth. And Moses' brother, Aaron, married her, founding the priests' dynasty. Since Mary and Elisabeth were relatives, and Elisabeth, married to a priest, supposedly came from a priestly family, Mary also had priestly bonds. Therefore, Jesus was an offspring of the House of David from his father's side, and from his mother's side, he descended from Aaron's priestly tradition.

    No matter how things should have been, the fact is that the names of John the Baptist's parents really were Zacharias and Elisabeth. But there is another tradition that belongs to myth: John was born approximately six months before Jesus. There is nothing exciting about that, nothing mystical, but this tradition was transformed into something extremely mystical through pagan influence, which soon invaded the gospels.

    For reasons we will deal with on another occasion, Jesus' birthday was fixed in the month of December, coinciding with the celebration of the winter solstice. And Saint John the Baptist's birth feast was fixed six months earlier, at the summer solstice. The simple fact that the Messiah's precursor and the Messiah himself were born more or less six months apart, became a cosmic event, leaving its prints in the later church's cult, as in fact, I may advance that, the gospels are neither historical nor biographical stories, but they contain rather a vision of cult, and all the known pieces and fragments of Jesus' life, together with some fictions, were compiled in such a way as to satisfy the cult of the primitive church, in form of a narrative, and so it happened, how the gospels were born. Different cult traditions gave light to different gospel narratives.

    Something similar happened, when the conquerors came to America and found the celebrations of the solar god on the day of the summer solstice, the Inti Raymi feast. The priests and monks reacted quickly, and they transformed this feast into Saint John's feast.

    But coming back to our story, we know that Joseph often visited Jerusalem, complying with his obligations as a faithful Jew, and certainly, he never let escape the opportunity of combining these religious obligations with the possibility of having a good time with friends and relatives. And so Jesus and John met.

    I could almost say that it was love at first glance. The children understood each other perfectly from the first moment on, and this friendship would develop into something which I could call a religious conspiracy, where both exchanged their ideas and visions that were so different, but at the same time so compatible. But this we will discuss on another occasion. We will dedicate several messages to John, because, as I have already insinuated, he has been a man of the greatest influence, of even more influence than Jesus had at that time.

    Tell D___ not to worry. His mother is in the best of hands, already right now. It is true, when people pass over to the spirit world, they are received by relatives, friends, by their guardian angel or angels, because often there are more than one, who also have bonds with the people they are in charge of on earth. Nobody feels alone when entering the spirit world, all receive a warm welcome.

    And what is more, they all receive help, we give them our heart. But often these newcomers go back to their loved ones, who remain on earth, for help and advice. They observe them, they try to read their thoughts, and they give them even more credit than the higher spirits. And here a great responsibility is imposed upon mortals. They, with their example, exercise great influence over their beloved ones in the spirit world, and frequently they are able to guide them along the way towards happiness without realizing this. In this sense, mortals may also be a great light in the spirit world.

    We have had a good connection today, my dear brother. It would be great if we could achieve this every day. But in spite of all the inconveniences, we have already achieved a work of remarkable dimensions.

    I want to give my love to all who fight and struggle along the Divine path. We will all gather in the Celestial Heavens some day, remembering and celebrating in happiness and Love. God bless you all.

    Your brother in Christ,

    Bài 12: "John the Baptist and Jesus Growing Up" Nov. 14, 2001

    As I commented yesterday, John the Baptist’s father, Zacharias, was a Temple priest at Jerusalem. And as you have also been told already, he belonged to the Pharisee sect, and to be even more precise, he was a follower of the House of Hillel. Zacharias certainly had a very important input into Joseph's decision of also joining this religious movement.

    All that seems contradictory. I am aware that people who study the history of Second Temple Judaism think that the priests were Sadducees, belonging therefore to another religious group, in competition with the Pharisees. And there is some truth in this. The more influential priests of higher rank, and of course the High Priest, were Sadducees. But it is also true that there were many Pharisees in the priestly ranks.

    There is also the impression that the Jewish aristocrats belonged to the Sadducees, and in general terms, this is correct, but there were also exceptions. As to the aristocracy, it is necessary to point out that in many cases this affiliation had very base causes, obeying ideas of political order.

    The Pharisees had developed, over the course of time, a complicated system of attitudes, and of rules of behavior. They cherished the idea that the Law, as it was fixed in Moses' books, didn't provide enough accuracy for applying it with certainty in daily life. For that reason they formed the so-called "oral law," which simply constituted the regulations accompanying the Law. For example, if the Mosaic Law determined that men should not work on Saturday, then it was imperative to determine what the word "to work" meant. Was it allowable for the physician to heal on the Day of the Lord? And so this system, against which Jesus later on would fight, grew. It was a system that fixed even the number of steps people could walk on Saturday. And simultaneously, as usual, a tradition also developed to avoid the strictness of this system, and the resulting hairsplitting disputes constituted a great part of what they called their spirituality.

    In contrast, the Sadducees, among them the High Priest, expressed their wholesale rejection of this oral law. And not only that, they exclusively recognized the five books of Moses, the Pentateuch or Torah, as the only inspired Scriptures, rejecting all other books of the prophets, the history books, etc. With that, they had much in common with the Samaritans, although they fought so much with them.

    Yes, I know, you have a great number of questions on the Samaritans. I will answer them all, but not today. Everything in due course.

    As for the Pharisees and Sadducees, I would just like to add that both groups believed in the afterlife. I say this because there is the impression, caused by the writings of the historian Josephus Flavius, that the Sadducees didn't believe in the survival of the soul. But that is absurd. Their ideas certainly were very vague, not very defined. The Pharisees at least had some idea of a retribution in the beyond, of a system of punishment and reward. But there was not a lot of clarity in all that either. But that is not surprising. Just ask any Christian about the afterlife, and you will be surprised. Their ideas are no less hazy than those ideas of two thousand years ago.

    By what I have said you can see that John the Baptist, as well as Jesus, grew up in a pharisaical atmosphere governed by a rigid code of behavior. And I may add that both felt the same rejection of this way of seeing God and His Laws.

    Therefore, human behavior within the framework of God's Laws, often constituted the subject of their discussions.

    As they grew and their character formed, as they reached a certain wisdom, fed by their spiritual experiences, they also discussed the role that each of them had to perform. John recognized that Jesus would be Israel's Messiah, but he could not grasp what this meant. Jesus certainly tried to put forth his still not very solid ideas, but without success. And the independent development of their character, of their opinions and visions of the world would be reflected later in their completely different approach to their respective missions: The one living among the people, eating and drinking, without rejecting any opportunity of having a good time with friends, enjoying life and radiating happiness, with a deep message of Love; the other one, withdrawn into the desert, receiving disciples and visitors, but fleeing civilization, restricting his food in the style of oriental hermits and ascetics, preaching remorse, punishment, and sobriety. John awoke his disciples’ consciousness by throwing buckets of the cold water of divine threat over them, Jesus inebriated his followers with the sweet wine of Love.

    Each man's life consists of a long chain of decisions. To make decisions means to live, to escape decisions means to vegetate. And usually, when we face decisions, we don't have only one choice between two alternatives, but there is a wide spread of possibilities amongst which we may choose. I have already told you previously, there are very good options, and others that are neither bad, nor excellent, and there are frankly bad options. God gives us a lot of freedom in our development. John was not forced to live an austere life in the desert. That lifestyle was his choice.

    In many cases it is not so important what we opt for, the important thing is that we follow the chosen way with perseverance and resolution. And, it is worthwhile saying, with a lot of love.

    This is all for now, my brother. Thank you for the time you have given me, and thank you for not forgetting me during the day. Sometimes we are only remembered when people are in trouble. And it is a pleasure to come to them with helping hands. But it is also comforting to discover that you not only consider me your helper, but also your friend and brother.

    I give you my blessings and say good-bye. See you soon,
    Your brother in Christ,

    Bài 13: "The Essenes, the Sadducees and the Dead Sea Scrolls" Nov. 16, 2001

    I see that you have received quite a lot of questions. And some fit well into what we are dealing with now. So, let’s proceed to answer some of them. I also know that there have been questions on relatives and friends, who now live in the spirit world, but I feel somewhat reluctant to answer them. It is not because of personal reasons, for sure. But I am concerned that if I begin to answer this kind of inquiry, I will end up responding to similar questions quite frequently in the future. And this has not been the objective of my coming.

    I know that I have answered questions on your relatives, H___, but I did so in order to give you some incentive, and I won't answer any more questions of this kind. Of course, if some spirit of your or of another person’s kin should come to deliver a message, we will allow this.

    But now let’s focus on what A__ wants to know:

    ·Was John the Baptist an Essene or did he have certain Essene influences or education?
    ·What is the true story when Paul was taken prisoner and then sent to Rome?
    ·Was Paul really an arrogant, proud person, lacking a good sense of humor, did he suffer of deep depression, did he stammer when speaking?
    ·What are the particulars of Paul's four mission journeys, those mentioned the Bible.
    ·When Mary gave birth to Jesus, who assisted her? Joseph? Or other people?
    ·How did the early Christian church develop? What happened to Christianity in the centuries I, II, III, IV and V?
    ·Which were the social and economic classes that Christians came from in the first five centuries?
    ·Jesus, as a good Jew, was a regular wine drinker?

    We have to make a choice, because we cannot answer everything. All those questions about Paul of Tarsus and the early church we will answer in due course, when we will deal with the respective topic. The answers to those questions may easily fill whole libraries. I intended to continue in a chronological order, and we are currently dealing with Jesus' youth. And so, my dear A___, you will have to wait a little bit more, but if God permits it, everything will be clarified.

    But now, let’s give some concrete answers: When Mary gave birth to Jesus, who assisted her? Joseph? Or other people? As a matter of fact, it was a midwife who helped Mary. In all Jewish villages there were midwives. When the labor pains became more frequent, Joseph, nervous and trembling like all young fathers-to-be, advised his relatives, and they sent for the midwife.

    Now, Jesus, as a good Jew, was a regular wine drinker? You make me laugh, my brother. Yes, it is true. Jesus was a “regular wine drinker.” He was a cheerful man. And drinking wine was not and is not prohibited at all in Judaism. Only Islam prohibits the consumption of any kind of alcohol, but not so in Judaism. In Passover celebrations, the Jews don't drink just one glass of wine, but several. Wine is a good invention. I also liked it.

    Now we will deal with the question: Was John the Baptist an Essene or did he have certain Essene influences or education? And the answer is a very long one. In fact, this has already been answered through Dr. Samuels, but I admit that the answer has not been very detailed.

    [Inserted by H.R.: In “Revelation 2: Life and ministry of John the Baptist,” John informs:

    “It is not true, as some theologians believe, that I tried to lead a reform movement independent of Jesus, nor was I to any extent influenced by the Essenes, whose views of purity led them to isolated communities away from the so-called contaminations of the genuine Hebrew civilization, or the Hellenistic influences, and where they carried out their religious practices; for, like Jesus, I believed not in retreat from the world but in carrying the message of God to the people, and as I believed in ablutionals as symbolical spiritual purity, I had of necessity to preach where water was readily obtainable and that was the Jordan.”]

    To begin with, we will go back many decades into the past, decades before John the Baptist was born.

    When Alexander Jannaeus, the Hasmonean king, died, his widow Salome Alexandra governed with the help of the Pharisees. She arranged that her son Hyrcanus be named High Priest. But soon afterwards, a new conflict broke out in Palestine. Hyrcanus’ brother, Aristobulus II rose up, defeating Hyrcanus at Jericho, and proclaimed himself the new king and High Priest. The Sadducees supported him openly. Hyrcanus’ loyal friend, Antipater, Herod the Great’s father, called the Nabatean Arabs for help, and they expelled Aristobulus from Jerusalem.

    Aristobulus appealed to the Romans, or rather, to Scaurus, the Roman legate in Syria, and he forced the Nabateans to withdraw. Jerusalem once again was in Aristobulus’ hands.

    Hyrcanus did not give in and appealed to Pompey, the Roman general who had conquered Syria, and was in Damascus in that time. Aristobulus found out, and also sent a petition, and to make matters worse, there was a third petition from the people of Jerusalem that Pompey might help them to abolish monarchy in Judea and to return to theocracy.

    And now Aristobulus made a serious error. Instead of waiting for Pompey’s decision, he attacked the fortress of Alexandrium. This upset Pompey, and he took this as a excuse for attacking Jerusalem. That part of the city’s population supporting Hyrcanus opened the city’s gates voluntarily, but the followers of Aristobulus withdrew into the Temple and fortified themselves there, offering a strong resistance. Finally, Pompey broke the walls and killed thousands of Jews. He even entered into the Holiest, thus profaning the Temple, because, as I have already said previously, only the High Priest was entitled to enter therein, and only once every year. Aristobulus was taken prisoner and sent to Rome in chains. Years later, when Julius Caesar freed him, Pompey’s followers poisoned him.

    This battle over Jerusalem happened in the year 65 B.C.

    Now, my dear brother A___, you surely will wonder, what has all that to do with the Essenes or with John the Baptist?

    Well, what the history books don't tell is that the Sadducee priests certainly knew that something serious would happen. And before the war against Pompey broke out, they secretly rescued their most precious and most fragile treasure, the scrolls of writings, from the Temple and hid them in caves in the desert near the Dead Sea. There were hundreds of them, and a good part has been recovered by now, more than 800.

    When thousands of years later these writings were discovered, writings which now have worldwide fame as the Dead Sea Scrolls or the Qumran Scrolls, the delighted investigators at first attributed them to the Essenes. And this idea persists until the present time. But as more scrolls eventually were discovered, it became clear that they had nothing to do with the Essenes.

    Among the texts there are the following ones: Lists for the priestly service in the Temple (Mishmarot), mystic visions of the Temple (SSS), priestly purity (MMT), a treasure of the Temple (Copper Scroll), the preparation of the ashes of the red heifer, as the Book of Numbers tells:

    “This is the ordinance of the law which the LORD hath commanded, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring thee a red heifer without spot, wherein is no blemish, and upon which never came yoke.”

    The leaders of this kind of cult were the sons Zadok, that is to say, the Sadducees, as the Book of Ezekiel states:

    “But the priests the Levites, the sons of Zadok, that kept the charge of my sanctuary when the children of Israel went astray from me, they shall come near to me to minister unto me, and they shall stand before me to offer unto me the fat and the blood, saith the Lord GOD: They shall enter into my sanctuary, and they shall come near to my table, to minister unto me, and they shall keep my charge.”

    So you see, my brother A___, the discovery of these scrolls has been the reason why a connection was established between John the Baptist and the Essenes. But this is wrong. The Essenes rejected the Temple cult in Jerusalem. They would never have written these texts. Kirbet Qumran has nothing at all to do with this sect. It is certainly surprising for many, but the texts of the Dead Sea Scrolls are in fact Sadducee texts.

    The Sadducees had backed Aristobulus, as we have already seen. And thousands perished under the Roman swords, and those who could escape, emigrated to Egypt or Babylonia. In later decades, there were practically no Sadducees anymore in Palestine.

    It was Herod the Great who reestablished the Sadducee priestly line. He ordered several Sadducee families back to Jerusalem, and a few followed his call. Among them was the House of Boethus (and its offspring, the House of Kathros), the House of Annas and of Phiabi, humble families, which clung to power as long as they could, once they had obtained it.

    And from Herod's time on till the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus, there was an uninterrupted chain of Sadducee High Priests, among them Annas and Caiaphas.

    The Sadducee cult was based exclusively on the Temple, and when it finally was destroyed, the sect disappeared. Modern rabbinical Judaism derives from pharisaical Judaism. The Pharisees survived the tumultuous times of the first and second century after Christ.

    I could tell you much more on the subject, but the message is already very long and it may confuse the reader. In summary, the Essenes, who didn't enjoy major importance in Jewish society, had absolutely nothing to do with John the Baptist or Jesus. They did not live in Qumran, and the so-called Dead Sea Scrolls are writings created in Jerusalem, under Sadducee domain. The false attribution of these writings to the Essenes caused Bible scholars to establish the connection of John and Jesus with the Essenes, a completely false and untenable connection. They came from a pharisaical atmosphere, and although Essenes had much in common with Pharisees, for example their independence from the Temple cult, Jesus and John chose their own way, independently of the religious streamings of their time.

    Perhaps it is also worthwhile mentioning that apart from the Sadducee High Priest, there was also a class of chief priests, also Sadducees, more or less 200 of them, and a great number of common priests, like Zacharias, John's father, who belonged to the most diverse sects, also to the Pharisees, and who frequently didn't live in Jerusalem, but in the surrounding villages.

    So then, having said that, I will now finish this message. I hope it has been informative and may shed new light on a very difficult topic, because the multifaceted Second Temple Judaism ceased to exist many centuries ago, and it was very different from the more uniform Judaism of the present times.

    I wish for you our Heavenly Father's blessings. God bless you and guide you in your spiritual adventure.

    Your brother in Christ,

  • HoaiNiem

    khoảng 2 10 năm trước
  • Bài 14: "The role of the Pharisees" November 19th, 2001 - Cuenca, Ecuador - Received by H.R.

    Hello, my dear brother. I am very sorry about the mishap you suffered. But as you see, all material problems find their solution.

    But I have not come to talk of computer viruses or worms, but to continue with Jesus' story. We have talked in some detail about the history of the Sadducees. It is important to know a little of the historical background in order to be able to appreciate people's environment and the way they thought.

    I have already said a few times that Joseph joined the Pharisees, and so I deem it more than justified to also expand on this religious sect.

    The Sadducees formed a small elite group, small but powerful. They controlled the Temple because from their ranks all high priests were recruited and also the chief priests. Additionally, the Jewish aristocracy supported them. The Romans, on the other hand, took advantage of the opportunity to delegate certain tasks to a group of influential Jews, establishing in this way a buffer zone. I mean by that the Romans could always tell the discontented Jews: “What’s the matter with you? Don't you see that your own religious leaders agree with what we are doing? If you wish to complain, talk to them.” Therefore, the Sadducees performed a role which we know from history, when more or less independent states carried out the same buffer function between two powers, for example Poland between Russia and Germany, always running the risk of being devoured by either of their neighbors. They suffered the pressure from both sides, they enjoyed the bribes from both sides, in short, they lived by maintaining a fragile balance, taking advantage of the opportunity of getting rich, but they always felt the Damocles sword hanging by a horse’s hair over their head.

    So, considering this historical picture, where do the Pharisees fit in?

    From the messages received by Mr. Padgett and Dr. Samuels, one may get the impression that the Pharisees formed the great majority of the population, that they were the artisans, the merchants and tradesmen, etc. But this is not exactly true. In fact, the Pharisees also constituted another elite group, a little more numerous than the Sadducee faction, but far from incorporating the majority of the Jewish people. But, yes, it is true that their influence extended over almost all of the people, and that they represented that social class which defined the norms of conduct, and which were recognized by the common people. Among the Pharisees there were several schools of thought, we could call them houses or sects, such as the House of Shammai and the House of Hillel, which we have already mentioned, some more conservative, others more liberal.

    From what I have said at the beginning of this message we can also conclude that the Sadducees were collaborators with the Roman overlords while the Pharisees didn't participate in this collaboration, indeed they opposed them fervently. As life goes, most of them were resigned, seeing Rome’s overwhelming military power. But deep in their hearts they harbored the hope that some day God’s Messiah would come in order to liberate His people and to establish the divine order on the face of the earth, that is to say, the Hebrew supremacy, governing over all other peoples.

    But not all gave in. The Roman oppression certainly led to the formation of resistance groups, especially the zealot movement, fanatics who confused religion with politics, much as you still know it at the present time. It is necessary to say however that two thousand years ago, a separation of politics and religion didn't exist, and therefore the existence of such groups is more comprehensible in the past than in modern times.

    The Zealots, then, were a totally radical fringe group of the pharisaical movement. The methods they used resembled a lot of what terrorists do today: sabotage acts, murders, etc. And the murders were not restricted to the Romans, but also the common Jew trembled with fear in front of this threat, because nothing more was required than the mere suspicion that somebody had collaborated with the Romans in order to sign their death warrant. And of course there were also abuses in the form of murders under the pretext of patriotism, simply to get rid of some enemy, or of some competitor, and to become rich.

    Jesus had many encounters with Pharisees. Some tried to understand him, they even saw him with favorable eyes, some took him for a delirious dreamer, and with some Jesus had hard words to say, mainly with the followers of Shammai, for whom the oral law had already developed a life of its own, its own reason for existence, without taking into account that laws only have the function of serving man, and that man doesn't live for the law. They had transformed religion into a complicated series of formalisms, losing any spiritual vision. And in their desire to convince or to force people to follow their example, they also tried to take away this spirituality from them. So you may understand Jesus' words that “the Pharisees are like dogs sleeping in the cattle manger. They neither eat nor let the cattle eat.”

    Harsh words, considering that the School of Shammai was the most influential one in Jewish life.

    Although Joseph, Jesus' father, had joined the House of Hillel, the most liberal group among the Pharisees, and therefore less legalistic and less centered around the “golden rule”, a high percentage of Jesus’ arguments with his father were triggered by their different understanding of the laws and their reason for being.

    In concluding this message I would like to add that there is the impression amongst many scholars of biblical history that there were no Pharisees in Galilee. But this, of course, is nonsense. The Pharisees were those who controlled the prayer houses, the synagogues, called “bet knesset” or house of assembly, and of course there were synagogues in Galilee. And another not very well-known fact for many people is that the Pharisees undertook missionary activities abroad, that is to say, among scattered Jewish communities, such as in Rome, Alexandria or Antioch. They even had the result that many pagans, although they didn't convert officially to Judaism as formal proselytes, lived according to the norms of this religion. Those people called themselves “godfearers.” They would have an extremely important role in the future of the spreading of Christianity. But this we will deal with in the context with Paul's mission.

    And so you may wonder, where did the political power of the Pharisees lie then? Well, in the first place, they “controlled” or directed the people through their enormous influence. And then, they also participated in the Sanhedrin, the supreme counsel of the Jews. It was composed of 71 members and presided by the “nasi” or prince, that is, the high priest. Besides the high priest, the chief priests, representatives of the aristocracy and Pharisee representatives participated. As you already know, in later years, Jesus' father would occupy a position in that tribunal, in the same way as Nicodemus ben Gurión, Jesus' friend.

    And Jesus, was he a Pharisee? Well Jesus was not a Pharisee, neither a Sadducee, nor a Zealot, neither an Essene, nor a Baptist, nor did he belong to the Hassidim, no, transcending all sectarianism, he simply was — and still is — the Way, the Truth, and the Life.

    God bless you,
    Your brother in Christ,

    Bài 15: "Matthew, Apostle of Jesus" November 22nd, 2001 - Cuenca, Ecuador - Received by H.R.

    I am glad that you have recognized me immediately. Yes, it is true, I am Matthew, Jesus’ apostle. Last night I was also with you, but you were already very sleepy, and I didn't try to deliver a message. But now your condition really is favorable.

    I want to introduce myself, so that you may know a little bit of my story. My family pertained to the tribe of Levi, that is why people usually called me Levi, but my real name was Matti bar Khalpay, or Matthew, son of Alphaeus.

    But I am not here to tell you my biography, but because I have observed with great interest the books you are reading. All them focus on the same central topic: The meaning that life may give to each man, or, because men frequently are unable to find their true destination, they resign themselves to a reality, which society has created for them.

    And my life can be a good example for illustrating this fact.

    You know that I was one of those scorned publicans or tax collectors. I say scorned, because nobody, of course, likes to pay taxes. But the true reason is that we worked for the “enemy.” Undoubtedly the taxes we collected would go to the Antipas’ treasury, but everybody also knew that part of them was intended for the Roman emperor.

    Very well, my brother, let’s begin with my story.

    I was about the same age as Jesus, well, I was somewhat younger, but not much. Judas has already described to you in rough lines the situation in Palestine, when we grew up and lived there. But he has not told you all. This is why I want to add my point of view.

    I was born in the town of Capernaum, or Kpar Nakhum, as we called it, the “village of Nahum”, at the shore of the Sea of Galilee. Did I say town? Well, it was not a town, but a very important village. And the Sea of Galilee was not a sea, but a large fresh water lake, and a very deep one.

    Following the shoreline to the northwest, one arrived at the river Jordan that constituted the border between the domains of Antipas and Philip. We may say that Kpar Nakhum was a border village, and therefore important, because there the customs taxes were collected. It was also a port for fishery — and for smuggling, by the way — and in consequence a very lucrative place for people who knew how to take advantage of opportunities.

    My childhood and youth had been very different from Jesus’. He lived in some comfort, but I grew up in terrible poverty. Very soon I realized the great tensions existing amongst the people. You already know that Galilee was a “den of robbers”, as the Romans used to say, or a stronghold of nationalists, as the Jews stated. The Zealots had great influence and numerous followers. Eventually, some of them grew tired of so much violence, and separated from the movement. But they were few. And of them, a tiny number joined Jesus. Judas will tell you. I will just tell you that among them were Simon the Zealot and the Zebedee brothers. Yes, the loving John had not always been so loving.

    Personally, all these politics did not interest me. I was not a nationalist, and I didn't care who governed the country. What I wanted was happiness, and for happiness I needed money, a lot of money. This I had learned in my hard childhood. And when I was offered the opportunity of getting employment as a tax collector, I did not hesitate and grasped the occasion.

    There was a chief tax collector Kpar Nakhum, and I started to work as one of his assistants. And I was very ambitious. When the collector finally retired, with his pockets full of coins, I was chosen as his successor. I had to employ my own assistants and to pay them from my pocket, but that was easy. Oh, times have not changed much. When the police colonel in your city organizes a party at his home, he needs five bottles of whiskey. And in order to get them, he says to his lieutenants that he needs them by five o’clock in the afternoon. Then the lieutenants send out the sergeants and common policemen to the streets to fine people, to gather enough money for buying eight bottles, because the lieutenants don't earn much money, and they also want their part. And the policemen review cars and issue tickets (for buying ten bottles, of course, they also like to throw a party). Of course, when checking a car, one may always find one or another deficiency. Then they say that the car no longer fulfills the technical requirements and may not drive anymore in the streets. They have to confiscate the car. But the drivers don't get scared. They say: “Don’t be that strict, officer. I promise that I will fix everything immediately. But now I have to go urgently somewhere. Just let me pass, I will be very grateful.” And he shows him the driver’s license with a bill underneath. The policeman reviews the license (the second time), and if the bill bears the correct number, the technical deficiencies are no longer so serious, and everybody is happy. Well, not very happy, but they know how to handle things, and everybody is accustomed to that. And two thousand years ago, we handled things in a very similar way.

    We frequently caught smugglers, but why deliver them to the soldiers? So that they would rot in the tetrarch’s dungeons? No. We handled everything our way, with the fairly good hope of catching them again some day and repeating the transaction.

    But the price we had to pay was high. People hated us. They considered us traitors, collaborating with the hateful regent, Rome’s puppet on a string. People feared us, and we feared them. The word peace, so beautiful a word, did not exist for us.

    Had I sought happiness, I had found money, women, amusements, all kind of luxury and lust, but happiness? It was not there. They say that rich people invented the statement that “money doesn't make happy,” so that the poor would not want it. This is a very funny and a very incorrect explanation.

    I amassed wealth, and I lost peace. Finally, one day, Jesus passed by in front of the hut, where I charged the taxes, he looked at me, he smiled and said to me: “Follow me!” That simple, follow me! Imagine this! And I followed him! It seems incredible.

    Of course, I invited him together with his friends to my home and he accepted. I was bewildered. He accepted the invitation of a publican, imagine this. A holy man in the house of a perverse thief.

    We celebrated a joyous feast. My friends were there, too, or rather, my assistants, because I didn't have friends. Well, in that moment I realized that, as a matter of fact, I had one. And people criticized him for that reason. But he didn't care. Do you realize? He did what he thought was the correct thing, without paying attention to what people would say. Yes, Jesus was really a fascinating character. He was and he is.

    It was my farewell party. I resigned. I left everything behind and I went with the Master.

    Actually, this it is a very common story. It happens over and over again. People get lost in their desires, or rather, in what they think are their desires. And they don't find happiness. They live sadly, full of fear, of aggressions. And some day somebody tells them, “follow me!” Sadly, in very few cases this invitation for changing is successful. People are scared of their own courage. And they don't change. They continue in their chores, with their aggressions and fears, lying to themselves that they are happy.

    I admit that I have been lucky. Not everybody has the good luck of meeting Jesus face to face, with his tremendous charisma. No, few had that opportunity. And even less took advantage of it. It is true, not all can meet face to face with Jesus. But all can meet him. In fact, they do, but they don't change.

    You know, sometimes this wake up call for changing is somewhat ruder, it is no longer a simple “follow me”, but a hard push. People consider this a catastrophe, they are not able to look a little further. What a pity!

    I know, it is not easy to change, it is not easy to leave a wrong life behind and to start over again, in a correct form. It is not easy. You can be sure that there are prizes waiting for you and a fulfillment that is beyond your imagination. But it takes some courage. However, it is worthwhile.

    Well, this is all I wanted to say. To polish the picture I have just drawn, I tell you that, after Jesus’ death, I stayed with the apostles and disciples in Jerusalem. I experienced Pentecost. I took note of what I deemed important, and together with my notes, I headed for Syria, where I stayed several months, writing what was the proto-gospel according to Matthew. What today appears in the Bible, is not exactly what I left. But this, Judas will explain to you in the future more thoroughly.

    From Syria I left for Persia, heading to the area south of the Caspian Sea. And there I stayed, preaching and living in peace. I was a martyr in the very sense of the word, a witness to the Glad Tidings of Divine Love. But I was not killed. I did not live to a very old age, but I died a natural death. The many caravans between Persia and Palestine brought me the sad news of Steven’s death, of James’s, Jesus' brother, of John and his brother James’, of Matthias’ and of many more people’s death. I heard of the Jewish persecutions against certain groups of Christians, but the place I had chosen was full of peace.

    It is time to stop now. It has been a pleasure to deliver a message. This time you didn't get scared when seeing another face, because you had already seen me before. But even when you see an unknown face, you need not worry. Judas is an excellent guard. Nobody will harm you.

    May God bless you,
    Your friend and brother,

    Bài 16: "What Does the Bible Tell Us?" December 3rd, 2001 - Cuenca, Ecuador - Received by H.R.

    Hello, my dear H___.

    What we have been dealing with in many messages to date, are the so-called lost years of Jesus. Lost, of course, because the gospels, being the closest to Jesus' life, really don't tell anything about this period of time. Let us take a look at the gospels in order to determine how they describe the childhood and the early years of the Master.

    If we are to follow the order in which the gospels appear in the present Bible, we have to start with Matthew.

    First we read a description, in a long list, of Jesus' genealogy. Nothing is mentioned of Joseph and Mary's life in Nazareth. To his great surprise, Joseph is informed that his betrothed was pregnant. The word betrothed is sometimes interpreted as meaning that both were only engaged and not married. But soon after, Joseph is called Mary's husband. The angel's story follows, how he appears to Joseph to convince him not to abandon Mary. Finally the gospel explains that Jesus was born in Bethlehem.

    It continues with the appearance of the wise men from the orient, their interview with Herod, and finally with the flight to Egypt and the slaughter of the Babies in Bethlehem.

    In Egypt, after Herod’s death, the angel of the Lord appears to Joseph and orders him to return to Palestine. Joseph is scared because Herod’s son, Archelaus, was a monster, worse than his father. Nevertheless Joseph obeys and takes his family back, but not to Judea, but to Galilee, to Nazareth. This story leaves the impression that Joseph, Mary and Jesus returned home soon after Herod’s death, that is to say, in the year 4 before Christ. The story skips the following years and resumes with John the Baptist’s appearance. Jesus, then, was no longer a baby, but already a mature man, fully prepared for his public ministry.

    Now, what does Mark tell us? Well, here things are very different. Mark doesn't know anything about Jesus' birth, nothing of the virgin Mary, as if the miraculous fact of the virgin birth wouldn’t interest him. Mark begins his story with John the Baptist’s appearance, that is to say, at a time, when Jesus was about to begin his public ministry. More than thirty years of his life are in darkness.

    Luke is the most meticulous in his information. After a short introduction he tells about Elizabeth’s, the mother of John the Baptist, miraculous pregnancy. He continues with the angel's announcement to Mary, in the town of Nazareth, the visit of Mary to Elizabeth, a series of miraculous and wonderful events, and finally the census under Cyrenius, the governor of Syria. This is the occasion for Joseph and Mary to travel to Bethlehem.

    Jesus is born in Bethlehem, the angels inform the shepherds of the Messiah's birth, Jesus' presentation in the Temple in Jerusalem, the blessings and prophecies of Simeon and Anna, the prophetess, and then, having fulfilled all the requirements of the Law, Joseph, Mary and the baby returned to Nazareth in Galilee.

    It is interesting that Luke also tells of an episode in Jesus' youth when he stays in the Temple, expounding the Law to the doctors, who are amazed at the boy's wisdom, while Joseph and Mary are already on their way back home to Nazareth. They have to return and look for Jesus, who chides them severely, because they didn't know that he had to dedicate himself to his Father's business. But they didn't understand him.

    Finally, there follows the story of John the Baptist’s ministry and Jesus’ genealogy.

    And what does John tell us? He starts with the famous verse "in the beginning was the Word," with a Gnostic discourse, and finally, there follows the story of John the Baptist. Nothing on the virgin birth, nothing on Jesus’ childhood or youth, nothing on the slaughter of the babies in Bethlehem, nothing on the wise men from the east, etc.

    In short, there is not much the Bible tells us. And the little it tells is quite contradictory. In general, school children, in their religious education, learn an artificial synthesis of the events as described in the gospels. The contradictions are skipped. When one asks for the reasons why the authors differ so much in their stories, the answer usually is that the gospel writers didn't want to present a complete story of Jesus' life, but that the gospels are rather mutually complementary. This is certainly not true, because the diverse gospels, in the first decades or in the first centuries, circulated in different communities, and therefore they were not complementary, because one community had hardly any access to another community’s gospel. Also it doesn't explain the dramatic differences in Jesus' genealogy between one gospel and another, it doesn't explain how in one gospel his family escapes to Egypt, and in another one they return peacefully to Galilee, etc.

    The true reason is that these aforementioned passages didn't form part of the original gospels, but they were rather added in much later times. Men in antiquity were not so much interested in people’s biographies, they were more interested in their teachings, and so it happened also in the case of Jesus' story. There was never the intention among the original authors of presenting an historical account. What they narrated were anecdotes and sayings of Jesus. Later on, using the multiple oral legends that circulated, the gospels were "completed", always in accordance with the predominant doctrine.

    In several messages it has already been explained that Luke's anecdote about Jesus in the Temple, when he was twelve years old, doesn't have any historical foundation. That means that the boy Jesus' extreme wisdom was never expressed in such an ostensible way. Jesus’ process of maturation was a gradual and secret process, which caused certain frictions amongst his family, especially with his father. But as to the rest of the community, it passed unnoticed.

    It is true that Jesus was in the Temple when he was twelve years old, because every year he accompanied his father to the Holy City, to comply with their religious obligations. But this demonstration of divine illumination never happened.

    Jesus himself has already described his ripening process, especially in the Old Testament Sermons through Dr. Samuels. It is not necessary to repeat this here.

    But there were indeed some events during Jesus' youth that impressed him a lot, and that later influenced his way of being. We have already mentioned the rebellion of Judas the Galilean. Another important event that almost always goes unnoticed we will discuss in our following message.

    To make this message well-rounded, I will just mention that Jesus, on the occasion of his journeys to Jerusalem, formed an intimate friendship with two people: with John, the later Baptist, as we have already described, and with El'azar or Eleazar from Bethany, the son of one of Joseph's wealthy friends. This last friend's name still appears in its Galilean form in the gospel, L'azar, since the Galileans used to drop initial vowels. Yes, that is correct, it is Lazarus, the one who Jesus "resurrected from the dead." It is a proof that the original text goes back to the time of the apostles, who even left the mark of their northern dialect in the writings.

    Joseph and Jesus spent many days each year with Lazarus and his father, even after Joseph had bought his own home in Jerusalem, becoming a Jerusalem citizen.

    Well, my brother, it is time to stop now. I hope we will see each other tomorrow. Until then, I send you my blessings and I wish you a happy day.

    Your friend and brother,

  • HoaiNiem

    khoảng 2 10 năm trước
  • Bài 17: "Who would Jesus preach to?" December 4th, 2001 - Cuenca, Ecuador - Received by H.R.

    My dear H___, as I told you yesterday, I intend to discuss another event that exercised great influence on Jesus' attitude. It is about Jesus' relationship to the cities.

    Many specialists of the New Testament have pointed out with astonishment that Jesus practically never ventured into the cities, but preferred to travel through Palestine, visiting people in the country with whom he seemed to have had a very good communication, but avoiding the cities. Certainly, he visited Jerusalem, but in general, the gospels seem to indicate some kind of rejection of the cities by Jesus.

    Like so many things in life, that appreciation is correct and incorrect at the same time.

    In his childhood and youth, Jesus frequently visited cities. He learned to know Jerusalem, Caesarea Maritima, Jericho, and of course the city of Sepphoris, the capital of Galilee, a short distance from his home in Nazareth. We have already mentioned that Joseph worked in the reconstruction of Sepphoris, and Jesus, as it is natural, accompanied him.

    But seven years before the beginning of the Master's public ministry, the tetrarch Herod Antipas decided to build a new capital. He no longer found Sepphoris appropriate for his status. It was a city in the Greco-Roman style, it had every kind of comfort, but basically, it continued being a city of military barracks. But Antipas had known another kind of opulence during his stay in Rome. He had been fascinated by Rome’s frivolous life, and in that he was definitely different from Philip, and he thought that his status as the governor, or as the king — because he used to call himself king, although he was not entitled in any way to this designation — demanded a capital of greater splendor.

    Full of enthusiasm, he put hands to the new work, choosing a place at the western bank of Lake Genesaret, a place in a geologic depression, much below the Mediterranean Sea level, with a warm climate and with nearby thermal springs.

    Antipas hired an army of workers and artisans, and initiated the great construction task. But immediately a problem arose that almost led the undertaking to fail. The workers, digging foundations for the buildings, found the remains of an ancient Hebrew cemetery. It was an impure place, then, and the orthodox Jews refused to continue working.

    But Antipas insisted, hiring new people, using thousands of slaves, and finally his masterpiece was completed.

    The name of the new city was Tiberias, in honor of the Roman emperor. The design of the city was not that of a stronghold, but it was rather a luxurious complex of buildings, resembling one of those spas for the Roman nobility. Antipas own palace was adorned by pagan-style decorations, quite in the style of the Roman rulers, which caused the indignation of the Jewish orthodoxy, but nobody dared to protest. Even the powerful Temple hierarchy of Jerusalem kept silent. Of course, the Temple priests neither had the power nor the political right to change things in Galilee, but they did have the religious authority, such as to put Antipas under pressure. But they didn't do so. As I have already mentioned, the Sadducees tried to maintain a very fragile balance between political power and the ever more discontent masses.

    Now, you wonder what all this has to do with Jesus and his development.

    Well, the answer is the following: When a boy grows up, at the beginning he believes that adults that are so much bigger and stronger, that they only tell the truth, that they know everything, that they are able to do anything. But later, there come moments of disillusion. In the case of Jesus, he realized that he would rarely find people willing to listen to him in the cities. For example, in Tiberias, the orthodox Jews refused to live in this city, at least during the first decades of its existence. Therefore, Antipas populated the place with Greeks, Phoenicians, pagans in general, with Jews who had already lost their roots and with local peasants. It was not the appropriate place for the Master’s teachings. In the beginning, during his youth, Jesus had thought of presenting himself in front of the authorities, as the prophets of the Sacred Writings did, but seeing how things were managed, he changed his opinion.

    Even today, you realize that country people are more open, in some ways more honest, without pretending to be what they are not, less corrupted. Also in this sense, times have not changed much.

    What was valid in the case of Tiberias was also valid for Caesarea Maritima, for Sebaste or Samaria, and for Jericho. Jerusalem was the great exception, because it constituted the spiritual center of Judaism.

    Jesus would find his followers mainly among country dwellers, in Galilee, Samaria and Judea, but a few also in Jerusalem. Even the peasants of the pagan areas, such as Phoenicia and the totally hellenized Dekapolis, proved to be more open toward the Master's teachings than the refined Jews of the big cities.

    As to the ruling class, the aristocrats, Jesus realized that it was useless to try to speak to them. The only thing that they cared about was power — and money, of course. Their participation in religious rites was only a screen, presenting themselves in public as pious men, leading a completely different life in reality.

    Jesus knew that the Glad Tidings of the availability of God’s Love had to come to all mankind. He also knew that he could not achieve this during his own life, even if he had lived a hundred years. It was also well-known to him that a great part of humanity would reject this teaching. He had to choose the field of his action, people's social stratum, which he would address. And he chose well.

    We have already spoken a lot of the economic, social and political environment during the time when Jesus was preparing for his ministry. What we have not yet dealt with thoroughly are the frictions and conflicts that arose within his own family, because of the total incomprehension of the revolutionary ideas that the Master little by little presented.

    With this I finish my message. You have received it well. If you allow it, I would like to deliver another message later on a completely different topic.

    Until then, I give you my blessings and I say goodbye. Have a happy day.

    Your brother in Christ,

    Bài 18: "The Weight of Love" December 14th, 2001 - Cuenca, Ecuador - Received by H.R.

    Dear H___, in my last message I spoke of Jesus’ separation from his family. I indicated that the reason for this had been the difference between Jesus and Joseph’s points of view as to the role of the future Messiah. Today I would like to go a little deeper into the subject.

    I have pointed out that in a message from Jesus’ mother Mary, as received through Dr. Samuels, you have been given valuable information about this. This is true. However I want to correct some parts in this message which do not express the reality very accurately.

    The message goes:

    “He began to be more and more different; he spoke more and more of God and His Love which, he pointed out to us, was proven by our Scriptures, and by the time he was twenty, wondered if it could be him. This we did not understand. We thought we brought into the world a typical pious Jew of the Chassidic sect — people who had let themselves be butchered rather than do violence to their religious beliefs. Our other children, like Judah and Jacob, were more given to throwing out the Romans; they were very patriotic, as were many of the young boys of this area.”

    The passage suggests that Jesus only found out when he was twenty years of age that he would possibly be the Messiah, and that his family did not understand this. This is not correct. After the events of Bethlehem and of the visit of the Wise Men from the east, this statement seems strange.

    Joseph and Mary knew that Jesus would be the Messiah, but what they were incapable of understanding was his attitude.

    According to Joseph, Jesus should have taken an interest in politics, since the Messiah — for him and for almost all Jews — was to be largely a political figure, also a spiritual figure, of course. Would he not deliver his people from the Roman yoke? Would he not lead his people to the summit of power, extending a Kingdom of perfect justice over all the earth, with the Jews as the ruling nation? Everybody knew that, and it seemed that the only man not informed of this was the Messiah himself. Therefore it was necessary that Jesus should begin to establish bonds with the groups in which he would have to find his backing, such as the militant extremists, the priesthood, the aristocracy, etc.

    However Joseph's son did not do anything of the like. He sought solitude, withdrawing ever more from his own family, and he spoke of his personal relationship to God. He even said that he spoke with the Heavenly Father. Well for Joseph that did not sound bad at all, because the prophets also did that, and the Messiah surely had to have a very special nexus to the Creator. But Jesus went beyond that. He claimed that all people had the same possibility of establishing this personal bond with God, and that God would fill their souls with His own Substance of Love.

    That really was dangerous. Joseph understood the implications of his son's ideas very well. They meant that for religion, the Temple was no longer necessary, and priesthood was no longer necessary. And with this kind of teaching, he would never obtain the backing of the religious class, and without their support, his mission was condemned to fail.

    Joseph's fears had a very real foundation. And finally, this dread among clergymen would be one of the main reasons for their signing the Galilean prophet's death warrant. And he explained it clearly to his son, and Jesus agreed. He needed time to think and thus he said he would leave their home in order to meditate in other surroundings on the nature of his future mission. Joseph understood him and he gave him his blessing. However, deep inside, the fear for his son began to erode his soul.

    Should we blame Joseph for his lack of understanding? I don't think so. He thought as most of the Jews thought, and the walls of his beliefs and convictions covered his view beyond these poorly established limitations. Joseph visualized himself as a privileged person, not only as the Messiah's father, but also as a Hebrew. All Hebrews would be people of the first class, the rulers of the earth, administering and judging over the common populace, that is to say, over the rest of humanity.

    You remember what the great Lebanese poet Khalil Gibran wrote:

    “Three days afterwards I visited Jerusalem and heard of all that had come to pass. And I also heard that Judas had flung himself from the summit of the High Rock. I have pondered long since that day, and I understand Judas. He fulfilled his little life, which hovered like a mist on this land and enslaved by the Romans, while the great prophet was ascending the heights.
    One man longed for a kingdom in which he was to be a prince.
    Another man desired a kingdom in which all men shall be princes.”

    We all were caught up in the narrowness of our mentality.

    And Jesus was right. He still needed more time. He had to become even more filled with the Love of God in order to resist the fierce storms which would come over his life.

    Later on he often used the example of becoming filled with Love, such as in the instance of the lamps filled with oil, so that they could light the way, and also in some comparisons not retained in the Bible. He used to talk about the two buckets, one empty and the other one filled with water. When a strong wind came, the empty bucket was tossed to and fro by the fury of the weather, until it finally broke in a thousand pieces, while the full bucket stayed firm and stable in its place. He spoke of the two ships, where one of them capsized amidst the terrible waves, and sank into the abyss of the ocean, while the other one, because of the weight of its load or ballast, stayed firm, plowing the stormy sea in stable course, and reaching unharmed the safety of the harbor.

    Man must fill their souls with things which really have weight. Only in that way can they master the hard times in their lives. And what weighs most in all eternity, is the Corner Stone of all existence, the Love of our Father in Heaven.

    So he taught us.

    It is enough for today. I will leave you now, and I hope that tomorrow we’ll meet again.

    With all my love,
    I am Judas,
    your brother in the spirit

    Bài 19: "Jesus and Judas - childhood friends?" December 26th, 2001 - Cuenca, Ecuador - Received by H.R.

    My dear brother H___, this is not a Christmas message, but I wish to deal with a question on the friendship which Jesus and I supposedly enjoyed in our childhood.

    In a previous message I have told you that I was born at the town of Kerioth, in the south of Hebron. In addition, in order to provide a little more information, this happened in the year 2 A.D. When Jesus returned with his parents from Egypt, I was still a baby.

    Jesus spent almost all his later life in northern Palestine. Although he was born in Bethlehem of Judea, although he had spent ten years in Egypt, Galilee was in truth his homeland. Of course, he often traveled to Judea with his family to attend the religious celebrations in the Temple of Jerusalem, and it is also true that he had intimate friends in that country, such as John the Baptist, Lazarus, and Simon of Bethany. However I want to state very clearly that I did not belong to this group of his friends. The difference in age was too great. What would a fourteen year-old boy have talked about with another child of six years of age?

    In the Padgett messages you have already been informed that I was the youngest disciple amongst the apostles, even younger than John Zebedee. Eventually a difference in age of eight years does no longer matter much, but during the childhood and youth, eight years constitutes an abysmal contrast.

    No, definitively, I only met Jesus when I traveled to Galilee, when I was no longer a boy but a young man, in the year 26 A.D.
    Jesus had various friends in his youth whose names were Judas; this name is very common among the Hebrews. Even one of his brothers had this name, and his descendants would play a major role in the development of the ancient Judeo-Christian church.

    With that, I will finish my message. It has been a very short message, but I believe that I have clarified the subject.

    With my best wishes,
    Your brother in the spirit,

  • HoaiNiem

    khoảng 2 10 năm trước
  • Bài 20: "The start of Jesus' public Ministry" January 2nd, 2002 - Cuenca, Ecuador - Received by H.R.

    What a surprise! I am here again!

    Well, my dear brother, you have enjoyed some days off, you have strengthened your physique with ham and turkey [Judas laughs]. I think the moment has come to again take up our task with vigor and determination.

    Did you know that Jewish liturgy is quite a rigid matter? What I mean is that the Jews divide the whole Torah, the books of Moses, into 54 parts, one part for each week of the year, and every week one of these chapters is recited, or rather, chanted. All this happens in a firmly established order, not at random, an order which has been followed for thousands of years.

    Each Torah reading is accompanied by a reading from the books of the prophets, in the same manner in a preset succession, without any variation.

    In the Hebrew month of Tishri, which usually corresponds to the month of October, the reading cycle finishes, and soon after, they proceed again to the first part of the book of Genesis, from the creation until the story of Noah. This procedure has already been described in a message through Dr. Samuels, where the day Simkhat Torah is mentioned, which literally means "Rejoicing of the Law." Around this day the cycle of readings ends and is renewed automatically.

    I can already see that you are wondering why I tell you all this. And I respond with another question: What was the beginning of Jesus' public ministry? I see that you are not sure. You don't know whether it was his baptism or his presentation in the synagogue of Nazareth.

    I tell you that Jesus' baptism through John the Baptist happened later. The Master's first step in his public ministry, then, was his reading of chapter 61 from the Book of Isaiah in the synagogue of Nazareth.

    As I have indicated before, the reading of the Sacred Scriptures was not — and is not — carried out at random, but in a firmly fixed order.

    Few weeks before Simkhat Torah, one of the last chapters of the final part of the book of Deuteronomy is read in the synagogues, dealing with the Covenant of God with Abraham, and also with the liberation of the Hebrews from their captivity, when they would return from all parts of the world where they had been dispersed.

    The corresponding chapter from the prophets is chapter 61 of Isaiah, which also deals with the liberation of the captives.

    “The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound…”

    This was exactly what Jesus wanted to announce openly, and this is why he returned to Nazareth on that Saturday of the month of September in the year 25, requesting the privilege of reciting these priceless verses in the synagogue, proclaiming thus publicly for first time his ministry as the Messiah for humanity.

    I will not now expand on people's reaction, or on Jesus' own reaction and the subsequent events, but rather I want you to know that in that month of the year 25 the Master's appearance on the Palestinian scene took its start.

    Dear D___, I also want to take advantage of this opportunity for clarifying a question you have borne in mind already a long time, and which you have not asked so far. It is about a message received by Dr. Samuels on Daniel's prophecies.

    In this message, you can read:

    “Daniel's original period of 1260 days for this expression of time was later supplemented by 30 days to make it 1290 and finally by 45 days more for a total of 1335 days. As events actually took place, my ministry was 1172 days, plus 40 days up to the time of my ascension, plus 50 more days up to the Pentecost, a total of 1262 days, thus you see how close Daniel was in his prophecy; especially of his original figure of 1260 days.”

    I ask: Who increased the original number by 30 and 45 days? When did this happen and where?

    However, I want to draw your attention to the following: Dr. Samuels gives the date of Jesus' death, March 18 of the year 29. This is the correct date, a black Friday for all of us. Now, taking the number of days of Jesus' ministry, 1172 by the way, one may calculate the beginning of the Master's public ministry. The result is January 1 of the year 26, a Tuesday.

    In the same message it is explained that on January 1 of the year 26, Pilate profaned the Temple in Jerusalem with his idolatrous standards, a profanation lasting one week long.

    But the reading in the synagogue of Nazareth did not happen on a Tuesday, but on a Saturday, there is no doubt about this, although I didn't have the privilege of witnessing it personally. The number 1172, then, does not indicate the duration of Jesus' ministry, but the number of days between Pilate’s arrival at Jerusalem and Jesus' death. But the reading in the synagogue happened several months earlier, in fall, when the summer heat of Palestine gave way little by little to the first rainfalls.

    This message received by Dr. Samuels certainly is very interesting and ingenious, but it contains some cabalistic games of numbers which you should not take literally.

    Very well, my dear D__ and H___, having said this, I believe that it is time to start the next cycle of messages: On Jesus' public life.

    See you soon. Until then, keep up your spirituality, never forget to pray, and attempt to make all your life a prayer.

    Your Celestial friend,

    Bài 21: "The response to Jesus' declaration that he is the messiah" January 3rd, 2002 - Cuenca, Ecuador - Received by H.R.

    Hello, my friend. I see you are well relaxed. I am going to show you a short “movie.” Describe what you are seeing.

    H.R. "I see a beach, like in a bay, but is not a sand beach such as we have here, but it is covered with pebbles, such as I have seen in Greece, at Kalamata and at the Corinthian Gulf. On the beach, a group of men is sitting, fifteen or twenty perhaps, with nets. They are talking. They are almost naked, wearing only loincloths or something like that. All have beards, some have their hair cut short, and others wear long and loose hair. It reaches down to their backs. Others have braided hair, forming a single thick braid in the nape. There is one who has his braid knotted up, forming a bun on the back of his head..."

    We are not at the Mediterranean; we are on the shores of Lake Genesaret, which we called the "Yam Kinneret." They are fishermen repairing their nets. They are talking to make their work more pleasant, speaking of their families, their children, their quarrels with neighbors, of a new brothel in Magdala, of fishing, Romans, taxes, in short, they speak of everything.

    Jesus is with them. He works with them. And he tries to give a direction to their conversation.

    H.R. “Which one of them is Jesus?”

    He is the man with the bun. That hairstyle was much in vogue at that time. Yes, Jesus looked after his appearance.

    But what I want to say is that Jesus is beginning to speak of God. God — and religion in general — has always been favorite topic for the Jews.

    “If you know so much of God, who are you?” one of them asks him. “Are you a prophet? Well, if you are a prophet, what are you doing here with us? Why don't you go to Antipas to tell him what you have to say?”

    All are laughing, also Jesus.

    “A prophet, my dear friend,” says Jesus, “is a man who walks with God. He speaks with God, and God speaks to him. All that God says is important, so important that all men should know of it.”

    All murmur approvingly.

    “And as this is the case, where should a prophet be?”, the Master asks.

    “With the people,” the fisherman answers.

    “Here I am!” replies Jesus with a broad smile.

    This, my dear brother, has been a scene from Jesus' real life, a scene that I never witnessed in that form, because it happened before I joined his followers. But I projected it to you, in order to give our messages some coloring.

    We have already talked about the reasons why Jesus left his home and settled in Capernaum, or Kpar Nakhum. His public ministry had not yet begun, that is to say, he had not yet proclaimed himself the Messiah of God. But, of course, he spoke with people, with his mates, of his visions and how he saw God.

    He even had won some local fame, because on some occasions he had healed the sick. People called those miracles which you would describe today as spiritual healings. And Jesus' fame, as a wise man and healer, began to spread to the neighboring towns, even to Nazareth, which was not very far away.

    A few days after this event you have just seen, on a Friday, Jesus headed towards Nazareth, to spend the night in his family’s home, and mainly, to request the privilege of speaking before the assembly of the village in the synagogue. And here comes the story, of which we have already spoken a little, yesterday, in the context of the supposed 1172 days of Jesus' ministry.

    We are now in the month of September of the year 25 A.D.

    There is already a message received by Dr. Samuels, explaining very well the gist of Jesus' speech, and I think that it is not necessary to repeat this. However, I want to draw your attention to another event, which then happened, that is to say, the rejection Jesus suffered, and its causes.

    If you could write here the story as contained in the New Testament, you would help me to explain myself better.

    “And he began to say unto them, this day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.

    And all bare him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, is not this Joseph’s son?

    And he said unto them, Ye will surely say unto me this proverb, Physician, heal thyself: whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country. And he said, verily I say unto you, no prophet is accepted in his own country. But I tell you of a truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great famine was throughout all the land; but unto none of them was Elias sent, save unto Sarepta, a city of Sidon, unto a woman that was a widow. And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Eliseus the prophet; and none of them was cleansed, saving Naaman the Syrian.

    And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath, and rose up, and thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might cast him down headlong.

    But he passing through the midst of them went his way."

    (from chapter 4 of the Gospel according to Luke)

    I think you can already imagine what happened. You grew up in a small village. You know how things are there. Joseph had never spoken openly that his son would be the Messiah. Of course he spoke with his children, and children don't know how to keep secrets. They commented on it to their friends, and they told their parents. Everybody was informed of Joseph's extravagant ideas, but nobody commented on them openly.

    And finally they found out that things between father and son obviously were bad, and that the son had decided to abandon Nazareth. But now he had returned, and after a wonderful recital, which all admired, he declared himself the Messiah.

    Well, most kept their silence, but there are always some who like to talk. They said:

    “Hey, Yeshu, isn’t this great! So, you are the Messiah whom we have been waiting for so long.”

    It was not blasphemy to proclaim oneself the Messiah. Many did this before Jesus and also afterwards. But God punished the false Messiah with the death penalty. And Jesus the Messiah? Ridiculous! He did not have any military experience, he did not have backing in the power groups, no, it simply could not be.

    “We have even heard speaking of your prowess, your healings in Kpar Nakhum. But how strange, here you don't show us anything of your abilities.”

    “No prophet is accepted in his own country,” Jesus responds.

    “Ah, yes, of course,” they said, “here, where we could witness your abilities through our own eyes, suddenly things don’t work out any longer. We always thought that the Messiah would benefit all Jews, and not only some fishermen down there.”

    And then Jesus answered quoting the Scriptures, Elijah's story, when the Hebrew rulers exiled him, and God worked His miracles through the prophet amongst the pagans. In other words, Jesus made them understand that they were not as special as they thought.

    And many grew angry with him. And Jesus was forced to leave Nazareth. Forgetting the Sabbath, they expelled him.

    And how did Jesus' family react? Did Joseph stand up defending the Messiah in whom he so much believed? No! He kept his silence. What a shame, so he thought. His son who had so disillusioned him, when not understanding anything he tried to teach him, finally had proclaimed himself as the Messiah, insulting at the same time his own people. Where would this end ...?

    You should understand that you should not take the words of this controversy literally. However, you will obviously understand how events developed.

    Years later, although Jesus simply carried on, things changed in Nazareth. Many of the Jews from Nazareth embraced the new faith, and the village became one of the strongholds of Judeo-Christianity, keeping Jesus' teachings in their pure form. With the end of Judaism in Palestine, after the rebellion led by Bar Kokhba in the emperor Hadrian’s time, the Judeo-Christian community also disappeared. Never again did it recover, pursued by Jews and the Roman church in equal manner.

    Jesus' supposed curses in the New Testament against several of the towns at the Lake of Genesaret are a faithful reflection of these persecutions. All these places harbored strong Judeo-Christian communities. But about this we have already conversed.

    That is all for today. I only want to tell D___ that he should not worry about his questions. As you see, the subject of the chosen people passes through the whole Bible like a red thread. Many of the questions can be dealt with in the context of our storyline. And if this is not the case, it will cause no damage to interrupt it from time to time. It is surely very interesting to know Jesus' story. But in fact, we are here to help you with your current problems. And it will always be a pleasure to do so.

    With that, I will say goodbye. I wish you a happy day, and be prepared tomorrow for receiving another message.

    God bless you always.

    Your brother and friend,

    Bài 22: "Nathanael, the first disciple" February 2nd, 2002 - Cuenca, Ecuador - Received by H.R.

    It was interesting to observe your two dogs. No sooner do you caress one of them, and the other one comes running, interfering and also wanting caresses. They fear that if you give your love to one of them, there will be nothing left for the other one.

    Shared pain is half the pain, shared sadness is half the sadness, but shared love multiplies. They do not know this. This is one of the great miracles of the world.

    However, this is not today’s topic. I plan to tell you a story.

    Once upon a time, in a very distant country, in the small village of Cana, there lived a man by the name of Nathanael. He was a prosperous man, the owner of olive groves and wheat fields, who lived in peace and happiness, surrounded by his family and servants.

    He was a person of medium stature, had a somewhat pointed beard, and was slender.

    H.R.: I can see him now. It is he, am I right?

    Yes, it is he.

    Nathanael often had to visit the neighboring village, because there lived a carpenter, the best in the region, so that he could fix the broken plows, the yokes of his pairs of oxen, and other tools. This carpenter had also worked on the construction of Nathanael’s house, together with his son, Jesus.

    A great friendship grew between both families, and Nathanael especially liked Jesus, who was a little younger than he was, but who had a brilliant mind and a great heart.

    On a certain Sabbath, when Nathanael was sitting in front of his house, he saw Jesus walking down the street.

    "Hey, Jesus, my brother!" he shouted. "What a pleasure to see you! But what are you doing here? Today is Sabbath, do you think it is lawful to go for a walk on the Day of the Lord?"

    Jesus smiled and he sat down at his side. Yes, it is true, he smiled, but his eyes looked sad. And Nathanael realized immediately that something was wrong. He had heard, of course, of the frictions between father and son, and he had also found out that Jesus had left Nazareth and that he was now living at the lakeside.

    Jesus kept his silence, but Nathanael’s insistence eventually proved stronger, and Jesus finally told him what had happened. He told him of his sermon in the synagogue, of his parent’s reaction, and finally, how people mocked him and threw him out of the village.

    "You cannot return to Kpar Nahum now," Nathanael said. "It is Sabbath. Stay the night with us, sleep in our house."

    And Jesus accepted the invitation.

    After dinner the two men conversed about the recent happenings, sitting on the open patio of the house until dawn. Jesus explained his ideas, the rough features of his teachings. Nathanael was impressed and lost in thought.

    If you wish so, you could say that Nathanael was the Master's first disciple. He accepted his ideas; he did not simply reject them, as Jesus' own family had done.

    On the following day Jesus walked back to the lake. Nathanael did not follow him, but he would do so a short time later when they met again, at the famous marriage feast of Cana.

    Nathanael is one of the great characters of the first days of the early church. There is not much information on him, he did not achieve "feats", he did not undertake long voyages as a missionary, and nothing is recorded about him in history.

    After the Master’s death he returned with the other disciples to Galilee, and after Jesus' multiple appearances and his final farewell, he stayed in his native village.

    I have already mentioned once that Galilee was a firm center of primitive Judeo-Christianity. And this happened largely thanks to the silent work of Nathanael. Cana, Nazareth, the villages at the lakeside, they would all become centers of Christianity.

    Nathanael lived a sufficient time to see the first persecutions against some of the Christians, the so-called Hellenists, in Jerusalem. He heard of the death of his friends James and John, the sons of Zebedee, but a short time afterwards, he died a natural death and in peace, in the bosom of his family.

    He had achieved in his district what people miss so much: Paradise on earth. A paradise not based on wealth but on love and understanding.

    Nevertheless, as all things on earth, that paradise did not last forever. Less than a generation after his death the devastating war of the Jews against the Romans and the subsequent enslaving of the people put an end to this dream — because Judeo-Christians were still considered Jews by the pagans.

    H.R.: In which year did Nathanael die?

    His death occurred in the year 48. He was 59 years old.

    As you will understand, I was not an eyewitness, neither to these events, nor to this encounter between Nathanael and Jesus which I have just described. However Nathanael has told it to me.

    And with this short story, my dear friend, I will say goodbye. I want to resume my account of the Master’s life and teachings.

    God bless you,

  • ShinichiKudo

    khoảng 2 10 năm trước
  • Thanks very good documentatiion

  • HoaiNiem

    khoảng 2 10 năm trước
  • Hey Kudo, I am happy to hear that someone is enjoyed reading it. The topic on spirituality is normally not as exciting and does require a lot of energy and time to move forward or higher than where one is. It is always easier to move sideways or stay in one's condition than up, right? :)

    But I know that once a peson has a soul awaken and has knowledge of what the soul is, it will be so very beautiful that one will never stop seeking for more. As time goes on, you will know what I am talking about.

    Mến chào.

  • HoaiNiem

    khoảng 2 10 năm trước
  • Bài 23: "Jesus is baptised" February 4th, 2002 - Cuenca, Ecuador - Received by H.R.

    My dear brother, last time I told you how Jesus had a pleasant talk into the night with his friend Nathanael, and how he, after a refreshing sleep, returned to Kpar Nahum.

    You can imagine that inside Jesus was churning, waves of happiness and disillusion, a tempest of heat and cold that put him into an emotional state and he had to talk to somebody.

    And so it happened that Jesus, after a couple of days, headed southwards. He chose the route along the river Jordan, a road he knew very well. Many times he had traveled there with his father, when they journeyed to Jerusalem to attend the religious festivals.

    But this time, his destination was not Jerusalem, but a place much more to the north, nearer the outlet of the river Jordan from the Lake of Genesaret than Jericho. It was a place that the Bible describes as a wilderness. There, amidst the wild vegetation of the Jordan valley, John the Baptist had established his camp, living his ascetic life with a few permanent disciples and many others who visited him frequently without deciding to stay with him, sharing his lifestyle full of self-denial and scarcity.

    Enormous numbers listened to John on some days, due to the crowded highway which passed nearby. And great was the Baptist's fame, who only a few months before had begun to preach.

    The Jews felt that something was going wrong. A foreign force occupied their country, its leaders were corrupt, the political tension grew, not only between the occupation forces and the people, but also amongst the people themselves. And suddenly, a prophet, a man who walked with God, appeared, preaching repentance, attacking the bad habits and misdeeds of the powerful classes without mincing matters, and that attracted people.

    That was the situation, when the cousins met again.

    You already know the story: Jesus came to be baptized, to give a sign, John obeyed reluctantly, uttering his famous speech that he was not worthy of untying his sandals.

    Jesus and John spent the night seated near the fire and discussing what had happened. And on the following day, Jesus could return comforted and happy.

    H.R.: I understand that there were no supernatural manifestations, such as the voice from Heaven or the dove that descended over the master's head, for example.

    Yes and no. There was no voice, but there was definitely the dove, which did not descend but rather flew high above the Master. It was something natural, but many people, hearing John's words, took that as a sign.

    H.R.: And was it a sign?

    [Judas smiled] I will answer you with another question. Today you sent an interesting article to several people. And in that article you may read:

    It felt completely confused. Then I found a passage written by Bede Griffiths, a contemporary Benedictine monk. Griffiths relates that as a boy he went walking one night when suddenly he was charmed by the beautiful song of some birds. Their trills awoke in him senses he had never before used. All of a sudden, the world seemed to transform, he explains, as if he had come in front of "the presence of an unfathomable mystery that seemed to attract me toward it.”

    There were neither burning thorn bushes nor chariots of fire. Only a soft revelation to which many would not have paid attention, but that changed Griffiths’ life forever. The mystic experience — I began to understand — was not the magical ascent to some remote paradise. It was a quiet and personal revelation that the miraculous and the mundane are one and the same thing, and that both are in front of our eyes.

    And as soon as you had sent the emails, you found a bird in the living room of your house. When it saw you, it flew upwards, full of fear and desperation, to the first floor, and you, after opening a window, had some problems to get it out of that window. Was that a sign?

    H.R.: I’ve thought it over, but on the other hand, it is not the first time that this has happened. However, it is very rare. It happens perhaps once a year that a bird gets trapped in the house and doesn't find its way out. Well, I don't know. Was it a sign?

    If you take it as a sign, it is. What do you say?

    H.R.: I was thinking that, if coincidence really doesn't exist, perhaps that should get my attention. There is another paragraph in that article stating:

    The book is finished, and I still cannot say that I found religion; but certainly, I have realized that the greatest and most fascinating mysteries are there to be savored, not to be resolved. Mystery surrounds us: we only have to be humble of heart and to pay attention.

    You said it.

    It is time to stop. I only want to add that some Bible scholars suppose that the ancient Christians thought that Jesus had acquired some part of Divinity at this baptism. This point of view is called adoptionism.

    In some way, that idea is false, because Jesus had obtained this part of Divinity much earlier. He already possessed a fully transformed soul. But on the other hand, the event of Jesus' baptism was very important, because it was then, when the first disciples joined him. But of that, we will speak next time.

    Until then, have a good day and God bless you.

    Your brother,

    Bài 24: "The return to Kpar Nahum" February 5th, 2002 - Cuenca, Ecuador - Received by H.R.

    My dear brother H___,

    Yesterday we ended our story with Jesus’ return to the lake, after his baptism. I have said that this event was very important, because as a consequence the first disciples would follow the Master. It is true, although Nathanael was impressed and thoughtful about what Jesus had explained to him, he stayed at home, and Jesus went away alone. But now, things were about to change.

    Jesus did not return alone from his meeting with his cousin. As I have said, there were a few pupils who were willing to assume the same rigorous life as John had imposed on himself. And so there was a constant movement, a flow of pilgrims coming and going.

    I could say that the person who was closest to Jesus during the walk back to Kpar Nahum was a short, stout man, with beard and baldness, but you already know that he was Andrew. He had listened to what John had said, that Jesus was the Messiah, and naturally, a conversation started soon after with the Master. Andrew was not a loquacious type, but as you say: Who has a full heart, his mouth flows over.

    Andrew, in his direct way, asked Jesus, if he was really the Messiah longed for by the Jews, and the Master affirmed it. And then, Andrew told him that he had many friends, sympathizers of the zealots, anxious to expel to the hateful Romans, and keen to establish the Kingdom of Israel once again, a theocracy where the Messiah would govern with justice and wisdom, and where the power of Israel would extend over the entire face of earth.

    Jesus tried to explain to him that this conception of the Messiah was not really the correct one, but it was in vain. Oh, this Andrew! I remember that sometimes weeks passed without him opening his mouth, but once he started to speak, it was impossible to stop him. And it seems that the opening up of the mouth covered the ears, because he didn't care what Jesus told him, Andrew went on and on, without paying the least attention. Therefore, if I said that Andrew started a discussion, I did not express myself accurately. He launched a monologue lasting many kilometers, from John the Baptist's camp right up to their arrival at Kpar Nahum. Mentally he was getting ready for the "holy war."

    Andrew was impressed. It was not the way that Jesus explained things to him, as I already said, he didn't pay the least attention, but it was rather Jesus' personality. You know very well that at times you meet people who have "something special" that attracts you, and Jesus had charisma, my God, he had very much of that.

    When they had reached the village, Andrew led Jesus toward Peter's boat, beached near the house, where the brothers lived with their families. It was the first encounter of the future head of the Christian movement with the Master. However, of that, we will speak next time.

    Today you read in a book ["The Pilgrimage” by Paulo Coelho] of the three forms of love, which the Greeks called "eros", "philos" and "agape." I also saw that the author's explanation did not satisfy you, especially what he wrote on the relationship of "enthusiasm" with love.

    There is some truth in his words, but there are also some mistakes. Soon I will dedicate a message to this subject, the forms of love, their bad translation in many versions of the Bible, and the transformation of love.

    Nevertheless, with all its deficiencies, it is worthwhile continuing reading that book. "When we renounce our dreams and find peace, we go through a period of tranquility. But the dead dreams begin to rot within us and to infect our entire surroundings. We become cruel to those around us, and then we begin to direct this cruelty against ourselves. That's when illness and psychoses arise. What we sought to avoid in combat - disappointment and defeat – becomes the only legacy of our cowardice. And one beautiful day, the dead, spoiled dreams make the air difficult to breathe, and we actually seek death, death that shall free us from our certainties, from our work, and from that terrible peace of our Sunday afternoons."

    This is what the Padgett messages call "to rest in the assurance that beliefs provide." The author has understood that, and therefore he encourages his readers to dream, to fight, and to question, in short, that they be themselves and not what others expect them to be.

    It is a profound truth. We have to say to each and everyone: Follow your way, listen to your inner voice, be faithful to yourself, and do whatever you deem correct, without fear. If you do all this in love, you definitely have found your safe route. “Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art also called, and hast professed a good profession before many witnesses.”

    So the Bible expresses it.

    God bless you,

    Bài 25: "Jesus meets Simon Peter" February 8th, 2002 - Cuenca, Ecuador - Received by H.R.

    Hello, H___.

    I see that yesterday and today you expected a message from Peter in which he would tell you of his first encounter with Jesus. In fact we had thought of this possibility, but we decided that I should continue with the story. In fact, it doesn't matter so much, only that you are already very tuned in to me and perhaps that is better than exposing you to too many impressions in the beginning of your apprenticeship.

    So then, let us continue.

    Peter was the owner of a fishing boat, a typical boat of that time, about twenty-five feet long. Well, he was not the only owner, but he had rather bought it together with his brother Andrew. It was possible for two people to manage this boat, but for fishing, they had to hire some hands as the task of rowing and pulling the nets was quite heavy.

    As I have told you, the boat lay beached when Jesus and Andrew came back from John the Baptist's camp. Peter was alone and his face was somber, it was evident that he was in a bad mood. Andrew did not take notice of this, and immediately presented Jesus to him. He told his brother what had happened in the Jordan valley, what John had said, and of the Master's great wisdom.

    Yes, of course, how could he know the Master's wisdom, if he did not pay the slightest attention to what he told him? However, you have to imagine the situation. Andrew considered himself a disciple of John the Baptist. Although he did not stay with him permanently at his camp, he visited him very often, alone or together with his friends.

    H.R.: The biblical story indicates that John had accompanied him on this occasion.

    John, the son of Zebedee, frequently accompanied him, the same as his brother James. Peter also belonged to this circle of disciples. But on this occasion, Andrew had made the trip alone.

    But what I want to explain is that Andrew had absolute trust in his master John — the Baptist, of course — and if he had said that Jesus was the Messiah yearned for by the Jews, then this had to be true. And the Messiah had to possess great wisdom and power, hadn’t he? Mortals and spirits often see what they want to see, and do not see what really is. As to Jesus' wisdom, Andrew was right. However, the practice of living a personal reality and of projecting their own ideas upon other people, and of finally considering this as reality, frequently leads to great mistakes. Do you remember what you read of the apostles, as they waited for the expected quick return of Jesus after his last appearances? You also remember that they thought that Jesus would establish a material kingdom on earth, thus projecting their ideas and filtering from the Master's discourses what they wanted to hear, and not what Jesus really said. This is a very human behavior.

    Well, but returning to our story, Peter was very ill-humored. He listened Andrew's story reluctantly, he interrupted him a couple of times with a grunt, without stating "I agree" or "I don't agree", until the Master intervened, saying:

    "Simon, what have I done to you?"

    "What have you done to me? Nothing!"

    "Then, what is wrong with you?"

    And so, Peter told him the following:

    As soon as Andrew had gone to visit the Baptist, Peter’s mother-in-law fell ill. And when I describe her symptoms to you, you will know immediately that it was a case of appendicitis, and for sure, a serious case of appendicitis, where the woman's belly was already as hard as a wooden board.

    H.R.: Peritonitis.

    Yes, peritonitis. Well, today, a case of appendicitis is nothing serious, in general. A small routine intervention and some antibiotics are enough to cure the disease. However, that was not always so. Well, in few words, the probability that the woman would die was very high.

    So, Jesus asked Peter: "Simon, why don't you take me to your mother-in-law."

    "Do you know how to cure?" Peter asked in surprise.

    Jesus smiled. "As a matter of fact, this is the Messiah's work - to save lives."

    And so, it happened that Peter and his brother led Jesus to their house. Andrew had relapsed into his habitual silence. He loved his brother's mother-in-law, she was a good woman, and he felt pain at the knowledge of her condition.

    When Jesus saw the woman's condition, he realized immediately of the graveness of the situation, but when he placed his hands upon her, the lady fell into a profound sleep, of which she would only wake up the following morning.

    In spite of Peter and Andrew's invitation to stay and to have dinner with them, the Master said goodbye. He left the house and went to his small room, which he had rented, not far away from the brothers’ home.

    On the following day, very early in the morning, Jesus was woken when somebody knocked vigorously on the door of his room.

    "Master, Master!" somebody hollered. "Come out, quickly!"

    And when he opened the door, he saw Peter, with his face as radiant as the sun.

    "You healed her, you healed her, it is incredible!" Simon yelled. "She woke up this morning as if nothing had happened! Come with me!"

    And so it came to pass that Jesus for the second time entered Peter’s home, and he could really verify the great success of the healing he had carried out the previous afternoon. Peter’s mother-in-law was awaiting him with a rich breakfast and a face flashing a broad smile of gratefulness. Peter insisted that Jesus abandon his small room and move in to live with them. And so he did. And from that moment on, Jesus, Peter and Andrew shared the same roof when they were in Kpar Nahum.

    With this, I will end my message. Have a nice day.

    Your Heavenly brother,

  • HoaiNiem

    khoảng 2 10 năm trước
  • Bài 26: "Jesus meets the Zebedee family" February 15th, 2002 - Cuenca, Ecuador - Received by H.R.

    Hello, my dear brother. As I promised you yesterday, here I am, keen to continue my narration on how Jesus gathered his disciples.

    In the latest installment of my story, I told you how Jesus healed Peter's mother-in-law, and how the Barjona brothers, the sons of Jonah, Peter and Andrew, invited him to live with them in their house.

    In fact the two brothers were not born in Kpar Nahum, but in another village at the opposite shore of the lake, at Bethsaida. It is interesting how the authors of biblical topics paint Peter as the prototype of a Galilean, when in fact he was not at all. Bethsaida did not belong to Galilee, but to Philip's tetrarchy. However, it is true, there they spoke the same northern dialect as those "authentic" Galileans did, and the frontier between the tetrarchies of Antipas and Philip was like a border between provinces, since both territories belonged to the Roman Empire.

    After breakfast Peter told Jesus that they should go aboard his boat, in order to cross the lake. He wanted to present him to some important friends in their native village. Jesus had already heard of a rich family that lived there, owners of several fishing boats. And so, the three men pushed Peter’s boat into the water and began to cross the short distance toward the opposite bank.

    Bethsaida looked better than Kpar Nahum did. Herod Philip had this place restored and built, and perhaps it is unfair to call it a village. It was really a small town. The biggest house belonged to the family of Zebedee, a wealthy man, considering that he possessed several fishing boats, lands, olive groves, vineyards, etc. And it was exactly toward this house, where Peter guided Jesus.

    Zebedee was a very kind and simple man, in spite of the wealth he enjoyed, and gathering together all his family, he listened to what Peter had to tell them. Yes, it was Peter who spoke. Andrew had relapsed into his habitual silence. And this is not surprising, because Peter used to talk so much that was not necessary for anyone else to open his mouth. He even related how John the Baptist had declared that Jesus was the Messiah awaited by the Jews. Andrew only agreed by nodding his head.

    Zebedee sent out a message to call two friends of the family, Simon and Philip, so that they might also listen to what Peter so eloquently presented and to share the lunch with them.

    If among all the gathered people there was one, who more or less understood what the Master explained, then it was Zebedee. The other ones would need much time to sound the depths of the Master's elucidations.

    When the night approached, Zebedee took Jesus by his arm, separating them from the others.

    "Master," he said," I wish to tell you something about two of my sons, who consider themselves disciples of John. They have spent much time with the Baptist, and thanks to God, our business goes well, so we can afford the luxury of offering spiritual education to members of our family. But in fact, things have a much more complicated background..."

    Zebedee told how his two sons James and John had come ever closer to the ideology of the zealots, those militant radicals, whose goal was the expulsion of the Romans from Palestine and the reestablishment of a theocracy among the Jews. As Zebedee explained, he also agreed with this desire, but what he could not tolerate were the methods they used. The zealot movement had degenerated into groups of bandits of all levels, who sowed terror, not only among the foreigners, but also among their own people, often murdering people for personal reasons, to get rich, to win favors, for whatever reason might be, disguising these facts as political murders, presenting false accusations, etc.

    “Nothing good can be born from evil,” Zebedee meditated. "And I have spent a lot of effort to convince my sons that this was not the way they should choose. Many people here in our town have joined these radical groups secretly, but, fortunately, as it seems, I have been able to take my sons out of this dangerous current and to awake in them a spiritual interest, wherefrom the good really may be born."

    He related that his sons James and John were very impulsive, as easily inflammable as matches, as you would say today, and for that reason people had nicknamed them "Boanerges", or "sons of the thunder." Also the two other guests, Simon and Philip, had belonged to radical groups, but in the same way as the "Boanerges", they had been able to cut off their bonds with evil and awaken in them some spiritual interest. They still used to call Simon “the zealot."

    "I do not know, Master," he continued," if you accept disciples. But if you do, I would feel honored if you would accept my two sons, and also Simon and Philip. I have talked with them, and I know that it is their desire to follow you. And I am convinced that if they have found righteousness in the Baptist, in you they will find perfection."

    He was wrong, poor Zebedee. They would find much more than perfection. I have said that, if among all the gathered people there was one, who more or less understood what the Master explained, then it was Zebedee. I said "more or less", because he did not understand all, either.

    Jesus accepted joyously, and also accepted the invitation for spending the night in Zebedee’s house.

    Now he had six disciples, Andrew, Peter, James, John, Simon and Philip. Using modern words, we could say that they were four former terrorists, whose instruction would be very difficult, and two fishermen, whose ideas lacked a little of the their friends’ radical concepts. And when he went to bed, Jesus smiled thinking of the first lesson he would impart to them on the following day.

    Meanwhile, Peter's mother-in-law told everybody of her miraculous healing, informing those who wanted to hear it, and all the others as well. Jesus' fame grew overnight in Kpar Nahum. Jesus created expectations.

    That is today's story. If you agree, we will continue tomorrow.

    I wish you a happy day, and God bless you.


    Bài 27: "The Prodigal Son" February 18th, 2002 - Cuenca, Ecuador - Received by H.R.

    On the following day, Jesus said goodbye to Zebedee, thanking him for his hospitality. He left, taking with him his new disciples. He suggested Peter and Andrew return to Kpar Nahum in their boat, while he would return by foot in the company of James, John, Simon and Philip. And so they did. Peter and Andrew were not very happy with this decision, because they suspected that Jesus would give some first lesson to the others, but reluctantly they consented.

    The distance between Bethsaida and Kpar Nahum was not long, only a few miles. The four disciples, who had hoped to receive deep instructions, were disappointed. Jesus talked with them, but he did not give any explanations, he only smiled uncannily, until they arrived at the place where the river Jordan pours its water into Lake Tiberias. Crossing the tributary, they arrived at the shanty where the tax collector used to bail up the passers-by. He used to stay in the shack together with some armed men, not exactly soldiers, but people he had hired to give him security. However this time, for some reason, he was alone. And when he saw Jesus' companions, he turned pale from terror. Yes, he knew these radicals, the Zebedee brothers and the others, and he really feared for his life.

    Jesus told them to stay behind, while he approached the tax collector. He smiled to him and everybody could feel the wave of love that the Master radiated. "Follow me!" he said to Matthew, and the collector, to everyone's surprise, obeyed him. He left his shanty like he was in a state of hypnosis and joined the group.

    The four did not know what to do. What was this? A test? Should they protest or keep silent? How was it possible that the Master cared about such garbage? Didn't he know who Matthew was? Didn't he know that he fraternized with the hateful foreigners, with the nobility that had moved away from the people, a leech that stole the last denarius they had gained with their hands' work? Did he not know this?

    When Jesus reinitiated the walk, they lagged a little behind, discussing the matter in low voices. Finally, they resolved to keep silent and to wait for what would come.

    Matthew has already commented to you what had happened, that he was a very unhappy person, enjoying money, but lacking peace and friends. And in fact, Jesus' presence had hypnotized him. Frequently in life, we face the decision of following the footprints of others, or choosing another direction, of which we know deep inside that it is the correct way. However, we always think: What will the others say? Won't it be dangerous? And so, we continue with the crowd, allowing an opportunity to pass, and trying to find our way and our realization in the goals that others propose us. And eventually, that situation becomes ever more difficult. Dissatisfaction seeks its expression in several ways: In resignation, in aggression, in hate against those that did dare to choose another direction, in scorn of oneself, etc. And it sometimes triggers a cry from our chest: Please, help me! Nevertheless, when the help comes, we often do not accept it, because our fear is very strong. During all our way, we have nurtured and caressed it. And now it is a strong monster, which is very easily capable of dominating what is left of our courage and enthusiasm.

    These are the situations of extreme anguish, when our cry brings us help. In Matthew's case, he had the good luck that it was the Master in person who came to help him. However, somebody always comes. Perhaps you don't see them, but you can feel them. This somebody offers help, and he gives you energy, or he is a catalyst, so to say, diminishing the initial energy necessary for starting a reaction, he helps you to overcome your internal resistance, your fear. And Jesus certainly was a first class catalyst.

    You also know that Matthew invited Jesus and the disciples to a farewell party, his party of farewell from his occupation, and that Matthew's partners were also present there, or rather, his employees, because he was the boss.

    It was a cheerful and happy party, and Peter and Andrew were also there. Cheerful and happy for some, because their boss was saying goodbye, leaving free the way for one of them who would be the new chief collector, with the opportunity of filling his pockets with many coins from bribes, and for the others, because now Jesus did give them a first lesson:

    He had come with a glorious message of Love and of Forgiveness. He explained to them that God waited for each of them, with open arms, as a loving father does. And for the very first time they had the opportunity to listen to one of the Master's parables:

    There was a man who had two sons. The younger of them said to his father, "Father, give me the share of the property that comes to me." So he divided his wealth between them. No long time afterwards the younger son got everything together and traveled to a distant country, where he wasted his money in debauchery and excess.

    At last, when he had spent everything, there came a terrible famine throughout that country, and he began to feel the pinch of want. So he went and hired himself out to one of the inhabitants of that country, who sent him on to his farm to tend swine; and he longed to make a hearty meal of the pods the swine were eating, but no one gave him any. But in assessing his situation he said, "How many of my own father's hired men have more bread than they want, while I here am dying of hunger! I will rise and go to my father, and will say to him, Father, I have sinned against Heaven and before you: I no longer deserve to be called a son of yours: treat me as one of your hired men." So he rose and came to his father.

    But while he was still a long way off, his father saw him and pitied him, and ran and threw his arms round his neck and kissed him tenderly. "Father," cried the son, "I have sinned against Heaven and before you: no longer do I deserve to be called a son of yours." But the father said to his servants, "Fetch a good coat quickly - the best one - and put it on him; and bring a ring for his finger and shoes for his feet. Fetch the fat calf and kill it, and let us feast and enjoy ourselves; for my son here was dead and has come to life again: he was lost and has been found." And they began to be merry.

    Now his elder son was out on the farm; and when he returned and came near home, he heard music and dancing. Then he called one of the lads to him and asked what all this meant. "Your brother has come," he replied; "and your father has had the fat calf killed, because he has got him home safe and sound." Then he was angry and would not go in. But his father came out and entreated him. "All these years," replied the son, "I have been slaving for you, and I have never at any time disobeyed any of your orders, and yet you have never given me so much as a kid, for me to enjoy myself with my friends; but now that this son of yours is come who has wasted your property amongst his bad women, you have killed the fat calf for him." "You my dear son," said the father, "are always with me, and all that is mine is also yours. We are bound to make merry and rejoice, for this brother of yours was dead and has come back to life, he was lost and has been found."

    And the four revolutionaries wondered, who was the lost son, who had come back to life, they or Matthew? And Peter and Andrew were happy, enjoying the glare of fame, because they had "discovered" the Messiah. And Matthew meditated on coincidence. This same morning he had heard the old woman as she yelled in the streets, telling everybody how she had been cured and rescued from death by the selfsame Messiah. And he had headed reluctantly to his tax post, thinking of that Messiah. What would he bring? A war? Destruction? Be that as it may, it surely meant the end of his career. And he turned sad and irritated. And just when he was meditating without coming to any solution, he saw how these four hotheads approached, people he feared like the pest, and with them, this tall man, with those eyes....

    This is a good moment for stopping our account. The lesson Jesus gave on that occasion goes far beyond what the disciples had grasped. Think it over.

    God bless you,

    Your brother in the spirit,

    Bài 28: "The real meaning in Jesus sayings" February 19th, 2002 - Cuenca, Ecuador - Received by H.R.

    Hello, my little brother.

    You know, today's subject almost saddens me, because I would like to deal with an extraordinary beauty that I cannot really share. It is a problem of language, or perhaps, it would be better to say, a problem of ways of thinking.

    Some days ago, M___ sent you a message where he told you that he had found in the apocryphal gospels some supposed sayings of Jesus, such as:

    "Whoever drinks from my mouth will become as I am, and I will become that person, and the hidden things will be revealed to him."

    "Have you departed and removed yourself from us?" But Jesus said, "No, but I shall go to the place from whence I came. If you wish to come with me, come!" They all answered and said, "If you bid us, we come." He said, "Verily I say unto you, no one will ever enter the kingdom of heaven at my bidding, but (only) because you yourselves are full ... Therefore, I say to you, 'Become full, and leave no space within you empty ..."

    As we have said repeatedly, not all sayings of Jesus' are contained in the canonical gospels, and some of those which are contained there, do not appear in their original form. But, also, I tell you that even those, which appear in their original form, have lost much or almost everything of their original beauty through their bad translation. And now I don't refer to the translation from the Greek into English, but from the original language in which they were delivered, that is to say from Aramaic into Greek.

    As you know, at the beginning, the apostles had no intention of fixing Jesus' sayings and deeds in written form, since they awaited his immediate return. But as time went by, some of them began to write. They did not create a story, as I do this now, but they wrote what Jesus had said, just as they remembered it. The Master's deeds and actions did not interest them so much. What they wanted to record in a pure form were his teachings. At that time, practically nobody was interested in Jesus' biography.

    Consequently, very soon there existed several writings, collections of sayings in the Aramaic language circulating in the eastern part of the empire, where Aramaic was understood and was used as a lingua franca for trade, and from these collections, Greek translations were written, a language that was understood in the east as well as in the west. The Aramaic originals eventually got lost, decaying together with the influence of this language, especially after the First Jewish War.

    The translators of the sayings faced many problems, the principal one perhaps was that Aramaic had one single word with many meanings, while Greek had many words for a single significance. In the translation, this meant that they had to choose among several Greek words in order to reproduce the meaning of one Aramaic word. And as it happens so often in life, they did not choose well on many occasions.

    Later, when some interest arose in Jesus and his life, several authors gathered these collections of sayings, and built a story around them, largely fictional, partly based on tradition, with liturgical intentions. What they did not understand, they simply ignored and did not integrate into their writings.

    The two statements above are examples. They are authentic, and once again I would like to congratulate M___ for his keen eye, recognizing the true pearls amidst many false things. But even if they were not authentic sayings of Jesus, it would have been worthwhile using them, because they contain truth. And to find truth, although it has its origin in later times, is always good.

    They are two statements referring to Divine Love and soul transformation, a teaching that in the gentile part of the church very soon got lost. What a pity!

    But I would like to return to the language problem.

    In a message received through Dr. Samuels, Jesus has already put forth a very typical and harmless example:

    There are more things that I would like to write you about and that is regarding the words: "It is easier for a rope to pass through the eye of a needle than it is for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of Heaven." I did not use the word "camel" for it has no association with the word "needle," and it never occurred to me to use it, as it is found in many versions of the New Testament.

    I said harmless, because I am not referring to the substitution of the word "mortal" for "rich." In Aramaic, camel means "gamla", but "gamla" also means rope or cable. This has already been explained, but it is a beautiful example of how the translator chose a wrong word correspondence amongst several possibilities.

    Let us see another example.

    In Luke 14:26 we read:

    If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple.

    The Aramaic word "sanah" means to hate and to abhor, but it also means "to separate" or "to come off." If we use the second variant for the translation, this very controversial text suddenly acquires a very different meaning.

    This Bible quote appears also in a mutilated form in the apocryphal gospel of Thomas:

    Whoever does not hate father and mother as I do cannot be my disciple, and whoever does not love father and mother as I do cannot be my disciple. For my mother, who gave birth to me, was a simple woman, but my true mother gave me life.

    It does not make sense, either, in the form how I have reproduced it. In fact, it is not about hating parents, but about detaching oneself from the parents, and the "true mother" is the Holy Spirit, feminine in Aramaic.

    This is another typical example where the translator chose wrongly amongst the possible translations.

    But this is not the only problem.

    Aramaic words sometimes allowed an excellent word game, which disappeared totally in the translation, producing some very controversial statements, which did not appear that way in the original.

    In Matthew 19:12 we read:

    For there are some eunuchs, which were so born from their mother's womb: and there are some eunuchs, which were made eunuchs of men: and there be eunuchs, which have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven's sake. He that is able to receive it, let him receive it.

    This was also dealt with by Jesus in a message received by Dr. Samuels. But I wanted to deepen a little bit on it, because once again we find an Aramaic word with a double meaning. In another instance, we find the word eunuch in the Book of Acts:

    And, behold, a man of Ethiopia, an eunuch of great authority under Candace queen of the Ethiopians, who had the charge of all her treasure, and had come to Jerusalem for to worship...

    Here we see the absurd case that an eunuch from Ethiopia came to Jerusalem to worship in the Temple of the Lord. According to the Torah, eunuchs could never convert to Judaism, therefore, this Ethiopian could not be a proselyte, and castrated Jews were excluded from the Temple and from any religious assembly.

    The word "eunuch" in the Aramaic original, in both cases, is "imhaimna," which in fact may mean eunuch, but also "believer" or "faithful man."

    In the first example of the gospel according to Matthew, we can appreciate an excellent play of words. In the second case, the translation is simply bad. He was an Ethiopian, a faithful man or believer.

    Do you understand now my sadness? When you read Jesus' sayings, you cannot grasp even the shadow of what they really were.

    Now it is time to say goodbye. God bless you all.
    Judas of Kerioth

  • HoaiNiem

    khoảng 2 10 năm trước
  • Bài 29: "Judas Met John the Baptist" February 20th, 2002 - Cuenca, Ecuador - Received by H.R.

    Hello, my little brother.

    I want you to go back in your mind through many years back to your childhood. One summers day, you asked your parents to allow you to be an altar boy of the Catholic Church. They were very surprised, because they were not and are not religious, and none of your friends was an altar boy either. However, they granted you this wish.

    You had to spend some weeks in an introductory course, where you learned prayers in Latin, the "Pater Noster" and the "Confiteor", etc., which did not bother you much.

    H.R.: It is true, I remember this episode well. What I didn't understand then was, why it was necessary to recite these words that I could not understand. But with the Second Vatican Council, things changed. It seems that I have always had a "religious fibre."

    Sure. You liked your occupation as an altar boy in the beginning, but eventually, you felt very unhappy. And scarcely one year had elapsed when you no longer presented yourself to assist in the mass. I want you to describe your feelings.

    H.R.: It is difficult to give the reasons. I simply didn't feel well. The atmosphere of the church was somber, the priest was very old and earnest, but I think that what disappointed me most, was that they always preached how we should be happy because of the salvation Jesus had brought to us, but I could not feel this rejoicing. Everything was so serious; I would almost say it made me shiver, with a "sacred fear" in the air. I thought: If we should rejoice, why don't we dance? Why is the music so slow, so grave? Why does everybody show such an earnest face? Why do people mind when a baby cries in the church? If heaven is like this, I definitively don't like.

    And from then on, you gradually separated from the church.

    Now I would like to tell you a little bit more about myself. You know already that I left my home to see the world. The first place I visited was Jerusalem. Of course, I already knew the city, however, it fascinated me.

    In Jerusalem I heard that a new prophet was preaching in the Jordan valley, farther north, and that people were mesmerized by him. You know, I always have had a "religious fibre," too, as you have just expressed it. Therefore it was logical that I set out soon after to meet this holy man.

    John was certainly an impressive person, honest in all he said and did, irrespective of any consequence. I stayed a few days in his camp, listening to his sermons, shared his ascetic life and observed with amazement the large number of people who visited him.

    Nevertheless, I wondered if this was the life that I could imagine for me. And my answer was definitely no. And here you may remember what you felt in your short career as an altar boy. Everything seemed so somber, so devoid of happiness, or of rejoicing. I understood very well that it was necessary to regret the many errors we made, but was this the life which God had intended us to live? I did not think so. No, in spite of all my appreciation for John, I could not imagine myself as his disciple. I decided to set out for the Greek cities of Decapolis.

    [Judas laughs] It is funny to think how enthusiasm changes the course of history. Peter's mother-in-law was unique. She had spoken to all in Kpar Nahum with her incredible talkativeness, and it was for that reason that Matthew followed Jesus, because if his encounter with the Master had happened when Matthew was in a different state of mind, it would surely have ended in a very different way.

    And when I prepared to leave, some people came from of that village and told of the Master's miracle. Only then, I found out that John and the Master had met once, and that John had declared him to be the true Messiah.

    It seems that Peter's mother-in-law was the first one who proclaimed the Glad Tidings [Judas laughs].

    I changed my plans immediately and headed to the Sea of Galilee. I simply had to meet the Master. Perhaps I would find in him what I was looking for.

    But we will speak on another occasion of my encounter with the Master. I only want to tell you that I realized immediately that he really had found this "something" I missed so much with John. Jesus not only inspired us to live, he taught us to breathe life. But this you know already.

    The orthodox churches of the present time claim to follow the way of the Master, but in reality, they have stayed behind in John the Baptist’s camp.

    I also want to tell you that I am happy that you have learned how to pray. It is better late than never. And that "sacred fear", as you called it, no longer exists. And the language of your prayers does not matter, you know this, your words do not reach God, it is the heat of the fire in your soul.

    Well, my little brother, is time to finish. Until next time, with my blessings, I say goodbye.

    Yehuda ‘ish Kerioth,

    Judas, the man from Kerioth

    Bài 30: "Judas meets the Master" February 22nd, 2002 - Cuenca, Ecuador - Received by H.R.

    The month of October of the year 25 had begun. The summer heat had given way to a pleasant coolness. However, that afternoon, when I arrived at Kpar Nahum, I felt quite tired after a long walk.

    When I asked the first person I met in the village for Jesus’ home, and he sent me to an address where the Master no longer lived, I felt very disappointed. But luckily the owner of the house could show me where Jesus had moved, and that he was now living in Peter the fisherman’s house.

    When I called at the door, I found Jesus gathered with his disciples. How impressive was his physique! His stature of more or less six feet infused respect. Yes, I know, six foot is not unusual today, but then he appeared like a true giant. I was also quite tall, but Jesus surpassed me.

    But to continue in order, it was Peter who received me and welcomed me into the house. He led me to the Master who was sitting with the other disciples on the house’s patio. When he saw me, he smiled and asked: “Who are you?”

    “I am Judas, from the town of Kerioth in southern Judea. I have come to look for you.”

    “You are looking for me? Why?”

    So, I told him my story, how I had left my home, how I had heard of John the Baptist in Jerusalem, and I also told him in very careful words of my dissatisfaction that I had felt with the Baptist. I was careful, because I had found out that John and the Master were great friends, I did not know that they were cousins in fact, and I did not want to offend him.

    Jesus obviously could see through my intentions, and laughed.

    “Judas,” he said to me, “do you fear God?”

    The question surprised me. I agreed quickly. Then Jesus asked the same question of all the others present, and all agreed, affirming that they were good Jews.

    Jesus addressed me one more time.

    “Judas,” he said, “is your father still living?”

    “Yes, Sir.”

    “And do you fear your father?”

    Once again, I was surprised.

    “Master,” I answered, “I certainly do not. I love him.”

    Jesus fixed his eyes upon me.

    “Why do you not fear him?”

    “Because I am his son. He is a good man, and he has always treated me well. When I needed help, he always gave it to me. I have no reason whatsoever to be scared of him.”

    Jesus nodded.

    “A good father loves and cares for his children,” he continued, “because they are flesh of his flesh and bone of his bones. But we also have another Father, who lives in Heaven, and we are souls of His Soul. Who could better love us than He does? Who could better take care of us than He does?

    Thus I ask you, if you do not fear your father in the flesh, why do you fear your Father in Heaven?”

    I kept silence, hanging my head, and so did the others.

    Jesus continued with a smile.

    “You only fear what you do not know. However, you will learn to know our Father, and fear will leave you, and love will fill your souls. Judas, stay with us. You will like it here, because my message is a message of happiness and rejoicing, my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.”

    Thus spoke the Master. In the future, he would repeat those words many times, of the easy yoke and the light burden. And I, yes, I stayed with him. I had definitively found my Master, a man who knew how to laugh, who lived his life amongst people, and who glowed with love.

    Peter’s blessed mother-in-law prepared us a rich dinner, and then we returned to the patio, where we stayed talking almost until dawn. And I say “blessed” without an ironic touch simply to express the fact that many people have found their way to the Master due to her actions. She lives now in the Celestial Heavens, as a transformed soul who worked much good during her long life on earth. Her name was Aisha, an anonymous pearl of the very beginnings of Christendom.

    My dear brother, supposing that you had to explain the Padgett messages to someone who has never heard of them, how would you do this?

    H.R.: It would begin with the fact that God does exist, and that He is Love, absolute Love. And that He wants to share that Love with us.

    Certainly, it is correct to start with the basics. And so Jesus also spoke to us that night of the Heavenly Father, explaining His Love to us, and that He takes care of us, that He knows us all and is completely informed of what we do and think. Jesus said that God was with us, every hour of the day, and that we should see Him this way, near and caring, as the father in the flesh is near and caring about his little baby child. To all of us this was a totally new and fascinating idea.

    When all retired to sleep and Matthew returned to his home, I stayed on the patio, where I slept on the floor, on my bedding. Of course they invited me to enter the house but I did not want to inconvenience anybody. The cold had not yet begun.

    Yes, I know that you have a series of questions, and I will answer them all. But I want to take advantage of this opportunity, while our story flows so smoothly. Don’t worry, I won’t forget them.

    Now it is time to say goodbye. I wish you a day filled with blessings.

    Your brother in the spirit, Judas

    Bài 31: "Some questions on Bethsaida and the disciples" February 25th, 2002 - Cuenca, Ecuador - Received by H.R.

    My dear brother:

    I wish to take advantage of this opportunity in order to clarify some doubts that are bothering you. They are not major problems but it is worthwhile dedicating some time to them.

    First, from your adolescence on, you could not understand, how Jesus "forced" his disciples to leave their homes and to abandon their wives and children. Was that not cruel and irresponsible?

    We have advanced in our story to such a point that we may now answer this question.

    Firstly, you know that a great part of Jesus' public ministry took place in Galilee. In other words, his disciples who were all from the area of Galilee or from adjacent lands, rarely left their homes for a long time, and during a great part of Jesus' ministry they had the opportunity to visit their families and even to spend whole weeks with them.

    As to their financial support, we have seen that, in Nathanael’s case, he was a wealthy man, whose absence did not leave his family without income. He had employees and lands, and his family could always make sure of their sustenance and even more.

    In the case of Zebedee’s children, you also know that their father ran plantations and some fishing boats. He was not, therefore, a poor man, and could afford the “luxury” of sending two of his children to accompany the Master and to live with him.

    Single people, who accompanied Jesus, did not have to worry about their families, since their brothers took care of the well-being of their parents, so, even on the Master’s journeys to Judea or the Decapolis, there was never the situation that the absence of his disciples from their homes would have caused problems.

    We have also seen the case of Peter and of Philip, both were fishermen, married and with children, not rich people, but neither were they poor. And here the great heart of John Zebedee is demonstrated, who committed himself to take care of the boats of both, to man them and to send them out to work. Therefore, even after deducting the additional cost caused by the payment of other people's labour, there was always more than enough left for their families.

    I believe that this has calmed your doubts.

    Yesterday I watched with a smile how you hunted for information on Bethsaida through the whole Internet. You remembered that there were presumably two villages of the same name. In one of them, Peter, Andrew and Philip were born, and it was supposedly located south of Capernaum or Kpar Nahum. The other village, or rather, the other town, was north of the lake, a little distant from the shore, and it had been fortified by Philip the tetrarch, who baptized her "Bethsaida Julias."

    You remembered that I had told you how Jesus, Peter, and Andrew had crossed the lake toward the opposite shore, obviously referring to Bethsaida Julias. Then, Jesus and his four “zealot” disciples returned walking to Kpar Nahum, crossing the river Jordan, where they met Matthew. Once again, the reference indicates doubtlessly the town of Bethsaida Julias.

    And then your doubts began. Had you received this badly? Had you confused the two Bethsaida? But if it was so, the story no longer made much sense. How then could they have met Matthew in his customs stand, if in fact they returned from Bethsaida, south of Kpar Nahum? Because in this case, they would not have crossed any borderline.

    Now I tell you that the existence of two settlements of the same name at the same lake is a conjecture of scholars. And it is a false supposition.

    In reality there was only one village by the name of Bethsaida, that village that I indicated to you. Philip really beautified the place, but what he did was to build a walled acropolis on the high part, leaving the small village of fishermen outside the walls of the new town.

    At the present time the ruins are at a distance of some miles from the lake, in a valley. But you also have read that in the ancient times the lake extended more to the north, forming a large bay.

    I am happy that the information on the excavations at that place in Israel has calmed you down. I am not happy that you doubted, but rather that you have checked having received the information correctly.

    H.R.: Frankly, I didn't doubt you, but myself. I am aware of how easy it is to introduce my own thoughts, and I admit that this scares me at times. These are doubts of me and not of you.

    Well, at least now you have verified a fact, and perhaps it may serve you so that you will have a little more trust in yourself. This trust is a very important ingredient for you to receive well.

    This is all for now. God bless you,


  • Nờ

    khoảng 2 10 năm trước
  • hi ST
    Bạn post các chương/bài vào chung 1 topic thôi nhé. Thanks :)

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